Features of planting and care of a decorative apple variety Royalty
Royal Beauty decorative apple tree and other types of this trend are in great demand among gardeners. Today we will talk about the Royal Royalty hybrid form, very similar to Japanese sakura and often used in landscape design. This amazingly beautiful plant can be grown without much difficulty in almost any climate. Read more about this variety later in the article.
Variety breeding history
The birthplace of the decorative Royal Royalty (Malus Royalty) apple tree is the arid regions of Asia. This variety was developed on the basis of the Central Asian apple tree of Nedzvetsky and acquired good winter hardiness from the mother plant. This hybrid form is common in all temperate regions.
Did you know? It is believed that the apple tree is the first tree that people began to cultivate as early as 6500 years before our era.
Description and characteristics of wood
Royalties have a slow growth rate. The shape of the crown is round, with a diameter of 4–5 m. The tree reaches a height of 4–6 m in height, the growth of branches is directed upwards. The leaves are narrowed, 8-12 cm long, purple in color, and in autumn their color changes to red, crimson. The surface of the sheet plates is glossy.Apple trees do not grow very fast and have a certain zest at every age, so plants of different ages in the garden can create an interesting composition, complementing each other
Pollination, fruiting and ripening
The red-leafed apple tree has a weak ability to self-pollination. Therefore, when growing it, it is customary to use pollinator plants, which can serve any variety of apples. On plants that grow in the garden, a large number of fruits usually ripen. But they usually pay little attention, since these apples are considered inedible. Only a few summer residents find use for them - they make cider from them or mix them with edible varieties in a small amount and make jam from this mixture.
Important! After Consuming Raw Fruits Royalty indigestion may occur, so be careful if there are small children in the family.
Beginning of fruiting in this decorative apple tree is later - the first fruits should be expected only after 5-6 years after planting a seedling in open ground. The buds begin to bloom in early May. Depending on weather conditions, flowering lasts from 4 to 14 days. The variety is characterized by non-synchronous opening of its eyes: on the apple tree, you can simultaneously observe large buds and delicate small flowers. The formation of fruits begins immediately after the shedding of the petals.Flowering lasts in a temperate climate for two weeks. Growth and ripening of apples also do not pass simultaneously. By the end of August, the tree bears its first ripened fruits, and by the end of September, the last apples ripen. They can hang on the branches even after shedding leaves, before the onset of severe frosts and the first snow. The fruits of this variety are oval, small (about 2-3 cm in diameter, and weight does not exceed 30-40 g), covered with a dark red skin with a touch. Fruits are attached to branches by elongated stalks. The apples taste bitter and sour.
Did you know? The homeland of apple is considered the territory of modern Kazakhstan. The name of the capital of this country, Alma-Ata (Almaty), translates as “father of apples”. And on the mountain Kok-Tyube installed a marble monument to the apple.
As already noted, the Royalty hybrid is frost-resistant: the plant withstands not only frost, but also cold winds. However, very severe winters and long frosts can cause a slight freezing of the kidneys.With normal occurrence of groundwater, the plant easily tolerates low temperatures. However, in harsh, windy winters, flower buds may freeze.
Pros and cons of the variety
- Gardeners distinguish among the advantages of a decorative apple Royal Royalty:
- attractive appearance;
- high adaptability to any climatic zone;
- good tolerance of frost, strong winds, periods without rain;
- undemanding to the quality of the soil;
- unpretentiousness in leaving.
- Unfortunately, the variety also has disadvantages:
- slow growth rate;
- poor reaction to pruning (growth slows down even more);
- unsuitability of raw apples for food.
Features of planting apple trees
This culture belongs to unpretentious plants, so anyone can grow an Royal variety apple.
We recommend that you familiarize yourself with the decorative varieties of apple trees:
Favorable conditions for growing
This tree is able to grow on any soil, but the most suitable are clay soil and loam with an average fertility rate. The plant develops well in both sunny and shaded areas. And since this apple tree easily tolerates drought and winds, it is often planted in the steppe zones. Due to the unpretentiousness of the variety, it can be grown in a large city. Such a tree is able to withstand air with high gas contamination, dusty air and saline soil.As for the timing of planting, it can be both spring and autumn. In the first case, it is necessary to catch the moment when the soil had time to warm up, and the eyes on the trees had not yet opened. In this case, the landing hole should be prepared in advance, before the start of winter. A landing in the fall must be planned 2 months before the frost.
Important! If planting was carried out in the fall, it is advisable to prepare a young immature plant for winter. At the end of October, the seedling should be covered with straw or plastic wrap. In addition, it will not be superfluous to mulch with straw, small pebbles, turf, or a mixture of horse peat and lime.
Planting a royal apple seedling should be carried out according to the following technology:
- Dig a hole 40-50 cm deep and about 80 cm in diameter.
- If the soil in the garden is clayey and there is groundwater close to the surface, lay out drainage material (pebbles, coarse river sand, fine expanded clay) at the bottom. You can also pour a mixture of peat with humus or garden soil mixed with a complex nutrient mixture.
- A young tree with a lump of land can be planted immediately. If the roots are naked, immerse them in warm water for several hours with a drug that stimulates the growth of the root system (for example, “Heteroauxin”).
- Dip the plant in the hole vertically, gently spreading the roots.
- Fill the hole with soil so that the zone of transition from the root to the stem is 2-3 cm higher than the surface. After planting, water the tree with 5-8 l of water.
Video: instructions for planting a decorative apple tree
Features of apple care
Like other garden plants, the Royal Royalty apple needs to be moistened, pruned and fed. However, each type of care for this crop has its own nuances.
This variety does not tolerate waterlogging. - from this, flowers and fruits may fall, the color of the foliage changes, and even the rhizome rots. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out exclusively moderate watering as needed. Watering the plant should only be done when the summer is very dry and hot, as well as with insufficient rainfall in the spring. Under 1 young tree you need to pour no more than 10 liters of water, under an adult - 20-30 liters. To slow down the evaporation of moisture, after wetting, loosen the earth around the plant and cover it with mulching material.
Apple Tree Royalty only requires anti-aging pruning, since the crown of the tree itself has an attractive compact shape.Systematically, you need to inspect the tree, removing all damaged, diseased and dried branches. Stems should also be removed, the growth of which is directed inside the crown - they can spoil the neat aesthetic appearance of the tree. In general, a decorative apple tree does not perceive pruning, so it is better to carry out this procedure as rarely as possible and very carefully.Anti-aging pruning of the crown of the apple tree: a - opening the center and lowering the height; b - thinning; c - pruning sagging branches; g - pruning in the zone of retreating growth; d - removal of excess tops
It is recommended to introduce nutrients not earlier than 1 year after planting. It’s advisable to do it in the spring, immediately before budding. Abundantly feed this variety is not worth it. If the soil under the tree is rich in useful elements and humus, then this apple tree care center can be completely skipped. Otherwise, you can make a complex mixture marked "for ornamental plants" and repeat this procedure only after 1 year.
Diseases of the tree and the fight against them
Royalty can be affected by fungal and bacterial ailments, such as powdery mildew, scab, brown spotting. To prevent these infections, you need to treat the tree with fungicides, such as “Abacus”, “Skor”, “Split”, “Tiovit”, “Falcon”. In addition, this tree can be attacked by harmful insects. To prevent the invasion, insecticides are suitable, for example, “Aktara”, “Confidor”, “Coragen”. Spraying a tree is carried out 3 times a year:
- in March, before the eyes open;
- in May, during the blooming period;
- in late September or early October, before dropping foliage.
In November, it is necessary to remove all fallen leaves from the site in order to prevent the propagation of fungus or pest larvae. So, do not miss the opportunity to decorate your site with a decorative Royal apple. After about 5 years after planting a seedling, you will get a beautiful tree that will long delight with its bright foliage and original fruits.