Kameo apple variety: characteristics and features of cultivation
Today, there are many delicious varieties of apples, one of which is Cameo. Apple trees of this variety are characterized by high growth rates, resistance to frost and pests. They are unpretentious in care, which allows them to land almost anywhere on the site. And the trees give in large numbers very tasty fruits, with especially crisp and juicy pulp.
History of selection of the Cameo variety
This apple tree variety was bred in the USA in 1987 in the state of Washington. Having entered the market, he soon gained popularity among consumers. To obtain the variety, breeders crossed the Golden Delicious and Red Delicious apple trees - thanks to such parents, the trees received not only resistance to low temperatures and pests, but also the ability to bear fruit in large quantities. In addition, apples have very high taste characteristics.
Did you know? According to legend, when Adam ate an apple from the tree of knowledge, a piece was stuck in his throat. Since those times, men have had an Adam's apple, which acts as a reminder of disobedience and committed sin. And the ledge itself is now called the "Adam's apple."
Kameo apple tree is resistant to temperature extremes. Trees grow fast enough, and bear a lot of fruit. The variety belongs to the best late winter and is not inferior in taste to other fruits common on the market.
The tree grows quickly and easily takes root, which is why the apple tree is very popular among gardeners and gardeners. The first fruits can be obtained in the first year of cultivation. In addition, the plant has high fruiting rates.
The crown of the tree is wide, large and spread. Branches grow powerful and strong. Height ranges from 2 to 3.5 meters. The leaves are saturated green, oval. The apple tree blooms in the same period as the Golden Delicious. White flowers with a very pleasant sweet smell.
Apples of this variety are distinguished by excellent taste, for which they are very appreciated. Tasting grade evaluation is 5 points. The pulp is white, crispy, firm, juicy. The taste of the fruit is sweet, with a slight acidity, apples are distinguished by a persistent sweet rich aroma.
The fruits are one-dimensional, the weight of one can range from 200 to 250 grams. Sometimes a tree can produce larger apples, weighing approximately 350 grams; this, like the color, primarily depends on climatic conditions. When picked, apples are usually green, sometimes with reddish stripes. A dark red blush often appears on the surface of the fetus.
They do not have a tendency to rust, which is a distinctive advantage of the variety. Store apples in a cold room or refrigerator. They retain their taste and aroma for quite some time; they are easy to transport. Fruits can lie until March or April without loss of taste.
Characteristic features of the variety
The variety has several characteristic features that distinguish it from others. Firstly, the variety is resistant to disease, and secondly, it bears fruit quickly and a lot.
Winter hardiness and disease resistance
The tree tolerates low temperatures well. The variety belongs to the late winter, blooms and bears fruit late. Due to temperature differences during ripening (day and night), you can not only increase productivity, but also affect the color of the fruit, providing them with an intense dark red color.
In addition, the variety is highly resistant to diseases and pests, especially powdery mildew; little exposed to scab attacks. Also rarely is a bacterial burn on trees.
Pollination and ripening dates of apples
Fruits ripen late, usually between late September and mid-October. Sometimes fruiting can be delayed until the beginning of November. The best pollinators for Cameo will be Golden Delishes, Gala and the apple tree Breburn.
The apple tree in care and conditions is unpretentious. Trees prefer loose fertile soil; grow well on loamy and sandy loamy soils that pass air and moisture well. Plants require loosening and tracking irrigation regimes. They very poorly tolerate stagnation of water, especially in the root system, so when planting, you need to choose a place on a hill.
The recommended groundwater location should be no less than 1.5–2 meters from the surface. In addition, it is necessary to monitor the outflow of water, especially in the spring, when meltwater begins to accumulate.
Important! If groundwater often accumulates in the area, it is imperative to put a drainage layer when planting a seedling in a hole. It can be sand, crushed stone or broken brick. For added protection, a soil roller is built around the tree.
Rules for planting Kameo varieties
Before landing on the site, you should pay attention to several factors:
- soil condition and its fertility;
- ground water level;
- growth power of the trees themselves;
- their winter hardiness and drought tolerance.
For an apple tree of this variety, a square with a side of 4 meters is enough (trees are not very tall). The cameo depends on temperature, it is recommended to plant it after it starts to cool. The optimum temperature regime is from + 10 ° С and lower, but before the period of rest and wintering begins; usually this time falls on the period of November.
Landing holes are best prepared in early autumn. The top layer of the earth, after cleansing of weeds and shrubs, is laid in one direction, and the layer of lower soil in the other. A protective roller is subsequently formed from the top layer around the seedling.
The pit for the tree should be prepared and fertilized in advance. A universal option for any soil: 1 liter of wood ash, 1 bucket of humus and the same amount of compost. Before the planting process, a layer of drainage is introduced if the soil requires it. Fertilizers spread after drainage, then sprinkle them with a small amount of soil (about 7 cm).
Important! Before planting a seedling, it is necessary to cover the layer of fertilizer with earth, otherwise weak roots can get burns, which will lead to the death of the tree.
- The roots are carefully inspected. Any dry, damaged or sore spots are removed. The edges are cut to a white core (not more than 1 cm).
- The tree is placed in a hole, spreading the root system, and gently fall asleep with soil from the upper layer, regularly compacting it.
- After the landing hole is completely filled, a protective roller is constructed around the remains of the earth.
- The tree is watered with 1-2 buckets of water, and the hole itself is mulched (dry soil, peat or fertilizer).
How to care for a tree
The apple tree is unpretentious in leaving. The main point that you will have to follow is watering and the absence of stagnation of water. Otherwise, achieving good results from a variety is very simple.
Watering and fertilizing
All young trees require regular watering. It is important that there is enough water in the ground to root the seedling. After planting during the first month, watering is carried out twice a week, at least 1 bucket per tree. In dry time, water volumes are doubled, it is advisable to water three times a week.
Fertilizers are usually applied when digging a hole, but for successful growth, it is imperative to mulch after the plant has already been planted. Organic matter (compost, peat, dry land) is excellent for this. The hole is filled with fertilizer with a layer of 6-10 cm.
Trees also need regular loosening, but not very deep. It should be carried out at least once a week.Weed weeding is mandatory in the near-stem circle.
After planting, the forming pruning is carried out in any case - it increases the percentage of plant survival in a new place.
You must follow these rules so that pruning is successful:
- diseased, broken, dry branches must be removed;
- branches with an acute angle of departure need to be cut;
- vertically growing shoots are also cut off, this allows you to form a lush crown later;
- branches that grow inside the crown should be removed;
- parallel or closely growing shoots are also removed;
- shortening is used if necessary.
Did you know? When the Dutch first reached China and saw oranges on the trees, they called them Chinese apples. Literally, it sounds like apfel sine, where the first word translates as "apple." The name has taken root and is still in use.
Before wintering, pruning is also carried out, after the tree has dropped its leaves. Although the variety tolerates low temperatures well, after a fruiting period it needs to be insulated - for this, the earth around the hole is covered with a thick layer of dry leaves. If desired, they can be covered with polyethylene.
Kameo apple tree is one of the best varieties, which is distinguished by excellent taste indicators. Fruits can be eaten raw or cook tasty compotes or jams. Trees are unpretentious in care, they are quite simple to grow, they are resistant to many diseases. All these indicators make such an apple tree a good addition to the garden or orchard.