Features of planting and care of the apple candy
The variety of apple trees is often advised by experienced gardeners for planting, citing the excellent quality and taste of the fruit. If you decide to listen to the recommendations, then in the article you will find tips on how to plant and grow it properly.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Variety Candy grown under the guidance of the famous breeder S. Isaev from the Institute. Michurin after combining apple trees Papirovka and Korobovka. It is recommended for planting on personal farms. It is not suitable for cultivation on an industrial scale, since the fruits do not tolerate transportation well, and also due to the fact that it is rather difficult for trees to form a crown.
Frost and drought resistance
Trees of the described variety are classified in the fourth class of frost resistance. They tolerate low temperatures well (up to –28 ° С) and recover quickly after them, continuing to increase growth, bloom and bear fruit regularly. This feature allows them to grow up to the northern borders in the suburbs, as well as in Siberia. The variety tolerates short-term droughts well. But waterlogging of the soil threatens the development of scab.
Check out such summer varieties of apple trees as:
Advantages and disadvantages
- Gardeners who have already managed to get to know the variety better notice such positive qualities:
- good immunity to many infections;
- interesting taste of fruits;
- high level of frost resistance;
- early maturity;
- high fecundity;
- regular yield.
- Among the shortcomings are called:
- the tendency of the crown to thicken;
- unsuitability of fruits for transportation;
- short shelf life of apples;
- weak scab resistance.
Tree height and crown diameter
Variety trees are strong-growing, grow up to 4–4.5 m. Their crown is powerful, sprawling, rounded in shape. Shoots are strong, flexible, not prone to breaking off under the weight of the fruit.
Since the trees of the variety are not able to self-pollinate, in the immediate vicinity it is necessary to plant apple trees that are able to pollinate it. These include Early Red, Golden Chinese, General Orlov, Moscow Grushovka. Only on condition that they are planted from trees, you can expect the highest fertility rates - up to 100 kg from each 10-year-old plant and up to 50 kg - from five-year-olds.
The timing of flowering, fruiting and ripening
Flowering occurs in May. Fruits are tied in July, and ripen in the last summer month. In ripe form, they can hang on branches for a long time without falling to the ground. When you need to wait for the first crop from trees of this variety, depends on what rootstock was used for their cultivation. So, on a dwarf rootstock apples are tied after 2-3 years after placing the planting material in the ground. If a plant is planted on a tall stock, then the first fruits will appear when it grows in the ground for 4-5 years.
Did you know? The largest apple in the world was grown by the Japanese Chisato Iwasaki in 2005. Its weight was 1.849 kg.
The fruits of the described variety are medium in size. They reach a mass of 80–120 g. They have a rounded shape, often irregular. Their skin is yellow with a red blush in the form of stripes. The inside is white, delicate, sweet, fragrant. Taste on a five-point tasting scale rated at the "four". The peculiarity of apples is a sweet taste, usually not typical for summer varieties. It was because of him that he received such a name. In the people it is also often called Caramel.
How to choose seedlings?
The growth, development and abundance of fruiting depend on the choice of high-quality planting material. It is best to buy one or two year old seedlings for planting.They should be bought only in specialized stores or well-established nurseries.
When buying planting material, you must carefully inspect and discard one that has the following defects:
- damage to the bark and roots;
- spots and growths on the root neck;
- brittle and rotten rhizome.
Rules for planting and caring for an apple tree
It is better to plant trees of the described variety in the spring - in mid-April. The trees planted at this time have time to better adapt to the winter and transfer it without frostbite. The landing site should be selected well-lit, sheltered from the northern winds, with underground water not closer than 1.5–2.5 m to the surface of the earth, with fertile soil, characterized by good moisture and air conduction, low acidity (5, 1-7.0 pH).
If the site does not meet any of the requirements, then it can be improved as follows:
- To add clay, peat, humus to too clay soil. Equip the bottom of the hole with drainage from stones and tree trimmings. Under such conditions, you need to dig a pit.
- Add to the depleted, sandy soil peat, humus, potassium fertilizers. Cover the bottom of the pit with clay, which will retain moisture.
- Add lime to acidified soil.
- On a site with a close distribution of groundwater, land on a hill of 0.8–1 m high from a land.
When choosing a place for growing a tree, it is better to choose where stone fruits and vegetables, currants, viburnum, raspberries grew earlier. The worst predecessor is the apple tree. Between plantings of apple trees in one area should take 4-5 years. Raspberries, strawberries and dill can grow in the vicinity of the apple tree. But plums, viburnum, cherries, cherries, apricots, carrots and potatoes in the immediate vicinity should not be cultivated.
These cultures have common ailments and parasites, and can infect each other. Preparation of the pit for landing is carried out in 15-20 days. It should be a maximum diameter of 1 m and a depth of 0.8 m. The soil extracted when digging a hole is mixed with fertilizers: humus (1 bucket), potassium-containing mixtures (1 tbsp.), Wood ash (1 tbsp.).Before planting material is placed in the soil, it is inspected, paying particular attention to the root system. If there is damage, then such roots are cut off. If the rhizome is too dry, it is soaked for 12-24 hours in a bucket of water. If there is no way to soak the roots, they are dipped in a clay mash.
Landing is carried out, adhering to the following technology:
- They inject a stake in the pit intended to support an undeveloped seedling.
- Two-thirds of the hole is filled with fertilized soil, pouring it with a knoll.
- The seedling is placed in the center of the hole, placing it on the north side of the stake. Roots are evenly leveled on the earth.
- They fill the hole to the edge with soil.
- Tamped with light movements.
- It is watered by pouring 2-3 buckets of water under the seedling.
- They cover the near-trunk zone with mulch with a layer of 5–7 cm, using humus, peat, sawdust, and straw.
- Tie the seedling trunk to the stake with a free eight.
Important! The root neck during planting should be placed 5-7 cm higher from the soil level. After the soil settles, it should be above the ground.
Quality care for fruit trees should include the following procedures: moistening, mulching, loosening the soil, applying fertilizers, pruning, weed removal, preventive treatments against ailments and harmful insects. This fruit tree does not need too frequent and abundant hydration - 3-4 is enough for a season of 20-30 liters for each plant. In dry periods, the number of humidifications is recommended to be increased to 5-6, and the volume of water - up to 5-6 buckets.
A day after watering or precipitation, the earth in the near-stem zone should be loosened. Loosening is made shallow. Watering also needs to be combined with mulching. As mulch use mowed grass, peat, hay. Stacked with a layer of 5-7 cm, it prevents the appearance of weeds and saves the desired level of moisture. To improve fruiting and prevent disease, the tree needs top dressing.
For the season, 3-4 fertilizer will be required:
- In the second half of April. Urea (0.5 kg) or nitroammophoska (1 tbsp.) Is introduced.
- At the beginning of flowering. Superphosphate (100 g), potassium sulfate (80 g), urea (20 g) diluted in water (20 l) and infused for 7 days are embedded in the soil.
- In the phase of fruit formation. Nitrofoski (100 g), sodium humate (2 g) diluted in water (20 l) are required.
- After fruiting. Humus, potassium sulfate (0.3 kg) and superphosphate (0.3 kg) are added to the soil.
Fertilizing is carried out exclusively after precipitation or irrigation. Fertilizing, applied to dry soil, provokes a burn of the roots. An apple tree needs to be cut and its crown formed. The crown is formed in trees that are not yet 5 years old. From the very first year of planting, all branches are cut by a third, while leaving the central conductor 20–25 cm higher.
Important! All work on trimming trees is carried out with a sharp disinfected tool and is completed by lubricating the cut points with garden varieties or with RanNet.
When the crown is formed, and the apple tree has 3-4 tiers of branches, only supporting pruning is performed, during which incorrectly growing shoots are removed. Every spring, before the sap flow begins, sick, dry, broken, twisted and curved branches growing inside the crown are cut.
Pests and diseases of the variety
Trees are well resistant to almost all major infections that affect apple trees, except for scab. To prevent this disease, they resort to spring spraying with a solution of Bordeaux liquid (3%) or copper chloroxide. Treatments need to be done before the buds open. After the flowers fall, it is necessary to carry out a second treatment by applying Bordeaux liquid, but already 1%.
If the scab has settled in the garden, symptoms such as light olive spots on foliage and flowers, the middle of which turns brown a little later, will tell about this. Further, the fruits are affected - they also become stained. Treatment of the disease is carried out by four-fold spraying with the drug "Rayok" (1.5–2 ml dissolved in a bucket of water). Use 10 l of working solution on 100 m². Another way is to spray the drug “Skor” twice (dissolve 2 ml in a bucket of water).
Did you know? Soviet cosmonauts had a tradition of returning from space, immediately after landing, to eat an apple. The fruit was the first solid food they consumed on Earth.
On one plant, apply 2-5 liters of liquid prepared according to the instructions. In the spring, it is also required to spray against harmful insects - aphids, scale insects, spider mites, and lungworms. The use of Oleuprit is recommended (add 400 g to a bucket of water). Against insects that feed on foliage, apply “Karbofos” (pour 60 g in 8 l of water).
Harvesting and storage
Is it possible to harvest a candy crop of Candy, determined in several ways. First, taste them. If it is sweet and it has enough juiciness, as stated in the characteristics, then you can proceed to take the fruits from the trees. Secondly, they test the condition of the skin. In ripe fruit, when pressed with a finger, it should bend and not align. If it bursts, the fruits are overripe, if the dent is leveled, they are not ripe.
Third, pay attention to no scum. The crop is ready for harvest when 5 or more very large and red fruits are found on the ground. It is important to calculate the exact time of the harvest, so that the fruits do not have time to overripe or are not too immature in the store. Only well ripe fruits can be stored for as long as possible. Harvesting is recommended on the day when there is no rainfall, during the period when the dew has already dried up.
Important! When harvesting Candy fruit, it is strictly forbidden to shake them from trees. This will lead to spoilage and unsuitability of the fruit for storage.
Fruits harvested with wet skin will be smaller and worse stored. The fruits must be carefully removed from the tree, not separating from the stalks. It is better to do this with gloves so as not to damage the skin. In the cellar or basement, apples are stored in wooden boxes lined with paper. In the refrigerator, they are stored in a fruit tray. Candy apples will be suitable for use for 2 months. In order for fruits to be stored as long as possible, they must be sorted out before storing for storage, removing damaged ones and wormholes.Apples of the described variety are suitable for eating fresh, as well as for making juice, compotes, desserts, baking, jam, jam, canning. They make wine, cider. Summing up the above, we note that the variety of Apple trees is worthy of consideration for cultivation on a summer cottage. Difficulties can arise only when the crown is formed. The rest of the trees are unpretentious. They are distinguished by high productivity and tasty fruits.