Features of growing varieties of onions Turbo
Onions have long been one of the main vegetables in the human diet. This plant is used as an ingredient in various dishes, and as a seasoning for salads. All the useful qualities of the Turbo onion variety are discussed in this article.
Description and characteristics of varieties Turbo
The variety is popular among summer residents and farmers, as it has a high yield, excellent aesthetic data and winter hardiness. Even with the first frosts, the plant shoots arrows.
Did you know? Pets may well be poisoned by eating onions. If for dogs this poisoning is moderate, then cats can die from the destruction of red blood cells.
The appearance and size of the onion
Low (about 30 cm) emerald arrows have a wax coating, which protects them from small frosts and mechanical damage. In the first year after planting, the plant is grown as a yellow seed, capable of bringing an excellent harvest when planting for the next season. In the first year, the bulbs practically do not change in size, giving all their strength to the growth of the aerial part.Onion arrows are used for propagation. In the second year, the size of the bulbs grown from last year's seed is medium or slightly larger than the average - from 100 to 140 g. The fruit has the correct "onion" shape, good appearance and excellent taste. The small flatness along the longitudinal axis and the ideal structure of the pulp make these vegetables in demand both by summer residents and buyers in the market.Despite the stability and high productivity, the Turbo is characterized by low winter hardiness, therefore, it lies in assembled form from a strength of 3-4 months
Ripening dates and productivity
Variety ripening is somewhat slow, so the germination of bulbs before planting must be done carefully. Soaking seedlings in a weak solution of potassium permanganate and growth accelerators is a necessary procedure for Turbo.Soaking a seed set is necessary to prepare for planting. In this case, the fruits have time to ripen before the onset of frost. The yield of this species is high, but the ripening time and size of the bulbs do not always allow the fetus to ripen. Harvesting is done by mid-autumn, when the aerial part of the plant dries.
Advantages and disadvantages
- Turbo has the following advantages:
- ideal consumer sizes;
- the taste of ripened fruits;
- excellent appearance;
- average winter hardiness;
- high and high-quality germination in the second year.
- Varieties also have disadvantages:
- low storability (up to 4 months);
- the size of the fruit does not always allow them to ripen in time;
- unripe bulbs are prone to decay;
- poor resistance to parasites.
Features of growing onions
This variety is late and, depending on the cultivation area, does not always have time to ripen. Therefore, before planting, attention should be paid to the preparation of bulbs or seeds.
We recommend that you familiarize yourself with other types of onions:
Preparatory work before landing
Before planting, both seed and bulb material must be prepared and sprouted.
Choosing the most suitable place
Onion "farm" will give excellent results in light chernozem or loamy soil. Well-lit areas are great for good growth. It is desirable to blow wind between rows and runoff of rainwater to avoid stagnation.
Both seeds and bulbs must be carefully prepared for accelerated growth in not the best natural conditions for them, even the Middle Strip. Bulbs are sifted or sifted before planting to select the most suitable material.Turbo variety is considered to be a perennial crop, so it can be used as planting material for 2–3 years. Selected turnips are soaked in a potassium permanganate solution for 15–20 minutes, after which they are laid out in a container with clean water at room temperature for 1-2 days to initiate growth processes in tuber. Seed material is also washed in potassium permanganate, after which it is soaked in water or laid out on wet gauze. Growth gauges for vegetable plants can be used to soak gauze.
Important! Some gardeners recommend making onion beds at a certain height - in this case, excess moisture will go away, and the root system of the plant will retain the amount necessary for it.
It is best to plant hatched seeds or bulbs in prepared beds located as the plot is tilted for uniform drainage of water. Both irrigation and rainwater should not create places with stagnation and excessive moisture.The distance between the bulbs in the garden should be about 10 cm, given the size of future turnips. Between the rows it is necessary to provide a place for the convenience of their processing (so that there is enough distance to install the legs when weeding, watering or loosening). The usual aisle for medium and large onions has a size of 25-30 cm.
Video: planting onion set in open ground
After planting in the soil, it is necessary to carefully care for the plantation, which requires watering, fertilizing and fertilizing plants.
Watering and fertilizing
You can water onion beds daily, since the culture is extremely hygrophilous. In the dry period, watering can generally be done in the morning and evening. A stream of water is sent to the aisles, where it is actively absorbed by a powerful root system. Top dressing is carried out at the beginning of growth, so that future fruits are not oversaturated with fertilizers. In the spring, superphosphate, potash fertilizers and a small amount of organic are used for top dressing.
Loosening of soil and weeding from weeds
Loosen the soil as it hardens after each watering. In this case, the bulbs can "breathe" and dry out in the air. In addition, stagnation of moisture, the formation of mold or hardened breasts of the earth can be avoided. Weeding is no less important than loosening. Actually, it is one of the stages of loosening the soil - simultaneously with the removal of weeds, the earth is dug up near the root system of the plant. In addition, parasite plants are removed from the root zone, which are able to dry the soil before the plant receives its portion of moisture.
Important! When weeding and loosening, you can accidentally dig a bulb. She needs to be re-planted and she will take in growth.
Plant pests and diseases
Juicy greens and fragrant odor attract parasitic insects. For onions, the most dangerous pests are the following:
- Onion fly. Even in the harvest years, this insect can kill most of the vegetables. It almost does not differ from the well-known carrot flies, but tends to plant onions. The pest can be discouraged by prevention - in order not to use insecticides, feathers and basal ground are sprayed with soapy water, a weak solution of potassium permanganate or sprinkled with ash.
- Onion tick. The invasion of these insects can be overcome with the help of chemicals. Moreover, you must simultaneously use several powerful drugs at once. Ditox, Fostran, Danadim and other insecticides and acaricides are recommended. A good way to prevent is watering the beds with a decoction of nettle, yarrow and other field herbs.
- Onion thrips. The pest larvae hit the base of the feather where the most nutrients are found. After that, the plant dries up and stops growing. To prevent this from happening, it is necessary to remove all parts of the plants during harvesting in the fall and dig the site.
Diseases also do not bypass Turbo's bow:
- Bacterial rot. This disease affects with an excess of moisture in the soil near the plant. Prevention here is extremely simple - the bed should be located on a small elevation above the aisles. Harvesting should be carried out on a dry day, and sort out the onions carefully and regularly.
- Fusarium rot affects the lower part of the bulb during late harvest or excessive watering. The affected root crop is rejected, and for the future it is necessary to process the sowing before planting and moderately water it.
- Gray rot comes along with infected seeds, is able to survive in the ground until next year and can damage the entire crop. There is no universal recipe for struggle. It is necessary to carefully sort the onions and remove suspicious specimens. After harvesting, all root crops are dried in a ventilated area.
- Downy mildew. This fungus is able to migrate on the husk and seeds, annually infecting entire plantations. To prevent this from happening, it is necessary to treat the plantation with fungicides (Fitosporin, Alirin, etc.) or folk remedies (infusion of ash, onion husk, whey).
Harvesting and storage
Turbo onion is not too light, so it requires proper storage, then it will be able to maintain its properties for 3-4 months. But for this you will have to provide the following conditions:
- warm and dry room;
- sorted vegetables of approximately the same size;
- stable temperature from 0 to 18 ° C;
- tedding bulbs at least once a week.
Did you know? Onions can never be stored in the refrigerator - it attracts all the germs and the very next day is capable of causing serious poisoning in humans.
Any variety of onions will grow well on a summer cottage or a farm plot with proper care. Turbo is able to decorate not only the garden, but also the kitchen table with both juicy young herbs and strong large onions.