Varieties of apple trees for the Leningrad region
The risky farming zone, which includes the Leningrad Region, forces the apple trees growing on its territory not only to adapt to an unfavorable climate with extremely variable weather, but also to grow on scarce soil. Therefore, the choice of apple varieties that can grow safely in such difficult conditions, while giving decent yields, is extremely relevant for the north-west of Russia. Read the story about such apple varieties later in the article.
Climate features in the Leningrad region
The temperate continental climate, controlled by the influence of the Atlantic Ocean, predetermines frequent rainfall, high humidity, cool summers with return frosts, frosty winters with frequent thaws and unpredictable weather all year round in the Leningrad Region. It is very difficult for fruit trees to adapt to such conditions, especially for young seedlings. The problem is exacerbated by the extreme poverty of local soils with a weak humus layer and the close occurrence of groundwater, which is extremely undesirable for the root system of apple trees.
How to choose a variety by maturity
The climate with a short and cool summer dictates the need to choose apple varieties with early fruiting. This allows the fruits to gain the necessary conditions before the onset of early frosts. Therefore, in the Leningrad Region, it is preferable to plant early varieties of summer and autumn ripening. The exception is trees with late ripening fruits, zoned specifically for this region.
In addition, the height of the tree is an important factor in the selection of seedlings. It is best if it is small (dwarf), not exceeding 3 m in height. In such trees, the root system comes close to the earth's surface, which protects it from the effects of groundwater.
The early maturity of fruit trees is also important, which increases the possibility of growing high yields. In this regard, for the Leningrad region it is considered a good indicator when the apple tree reaches the beginning of fruiting 3-4 years after planting seedlings.
The best varieties of apple trees for the Leningrad region
Although there are not many apple varieties that can grow and produce crops in difficult conditions of the Leningrad region, nevertheless, the choice of apple trees zoned for this region, as well as bred for cultivation in similar or even more severe conditions, is quite wide.
Important! Since by no means all apple trees are self-fertile, it is useful to use the rule according to which if apple trees of summer, autumn and winter ripening are planted in the garden at the same time, then the pollination of these apple trees will significantly improve.
The Apple-tree of Moscow later, with a late winter ripening period, was bred in the 60s of the last century, but it was zoned only at the beginning of this century. The tree has a high height and large fruits, gaining an average weight of 160 g, but capable of reaching a weight of 230 g.
Rounded green-yellow apples with good taste ripen at the end of September and as a result of storage they acquire a waxy color and are distinguished by excellent keeping quality. The yield of the Moskovskoye variety later averages 150 kg per tree. In large horticultural enterprises, the yield reaches 100 kg / ha.
Did you know? The average inhabitant of the Earth eats 65 apples annually. Anyone who believes that this is a low indicator should take into account that apples are just as exotic a fruit for tropics as pineapple is for us.
This apple variety was bred in 1977 on the basis of Antonovka vulgaris by breeders from Oryol. The medium-sized apple tree turned out to be fruitful, winter-hardy, with the ability to withstand scab at the genetic level.Red-striped apples with a fuzzy blush, flat-elongated, weighing an average of 145 g and capable of reaching a mass of 180 g, are characterized by great juiciness of creamy flesh. Their sweet and sour taste with a memorable smell is estimated by tasters at 4.5 points.Tree productivity - up to 100 kg.
An elite apple variety with a low tree capable of producing up to 200 kg of apples during the season was bred in Russia at the end of the last century. Oblong fruits, gaining an average weight of 140 g, have a yellow-green color with a raspberry blush, turning into a light yellow color during the period of consumer maturity.
White with a creamy tint, the pulp, characterized by density and juiciness, has a sweet-sour taste with a delicate aroma, which tasters rate at 4.3 points. Fruit tree of this variety begins 6 years of age.
Caramel (Caramel, Candy)
An apple tree with summer fruit ripening and the common name Caramel was bred at the Russian Research Institute of Selection of Fruit Crops and Genetics. A variety of the variety called Caramel produces red fruits of caramel tones with an average weight of 110 g. Often, under favorable conditions, the mass of apples reaches 150 g. The pulp of the fruit has a loose texture, juiciness and a sweet-sour taste with a touch of honey. The fruits ripen in the second half of August and can be stored for 30 days.
The yield of the apple tree is modest, reaching 40 kg. But under optimal conditions and proper care, a tree can produce up to 90 kg of high-quality fruits. The apple tree has a slightly smaller fruit size. Their weight does not exceed 120 g. But on the surface they look brighter, and their taste is sweeter, resembling caramel. Among the apple varieties discussed, they are the sweetest. Their tasting score reaches 4.4 points. The apple tree enters the fruiting period from 4 years. The fruits ripening at the end of summer are then stored for a little over a month.
Did you know? The three world leaders in growing apples consist of China, the USA and Turkey. Russia ranks 11th in this row.
Selection of this popular apple variety Zvyozdochka began as early as 1927 in the Oryol region. The fruit of many years of effort was the variety that spread throughout the European part of the then Union. A tall apple tree can withstand frosts of -20 ° C, is resistant to scab, regularly and abundantly bears fruit, giving high-quality apples that can be stored for a long time.The apple crop reaches 170 kg.
The fruits have a good presentation, are characterized by the location on their surface of the ribs forming a star-shaped pattern, and have a sweet-sour taste with a pleasant aftertaste.
This low apple tree was bred at the end of the last century. Her round apples weighing up to 200 g at the time of consumer maturity look almost white with decorations in the form of red stripes. Radically white flesh is characterized by juiciness and sweet-sour taste, estimated by experts on average at 4.34 points. The average yield of apple trees is 100 kg.
This frost-resistant apple variety is selected in the Moscow region. Apples ripen in early September and can be stored for 2 months. Their weight is 140 g, and they are painted in a greenish color, against the background of which there is a striped blush. At the time of fruiting, the apple tree begins at the age of 6, then regularly giving 150 kg of fruit per tree.
The product of the fruitful activity of Belarusian breeders, the Antei apple tree is characterized by good frost resistance, excellent fruit keeping quality and the ability to begin fruiting in the 3rd year after planting seedlings in the ground. Apples are painted green, serving as a backdrop for a red-burgundy blush. Apples harvested at the end of September over the next 2 months gain consumer maturity and ways to preserve their condition until May.
A low yield of 50 kg, the tree produces large apples weighing up to 200 g, characterized by juicy pulp with a sweet-sour taste and a pleasant smell.
This apple tree belongs to new varieties based on the famous Antonovka. Fruits ripen in the last decade of August, reaching an average weight of 160 g, although under favorable conditions and good care they can gain weight up to 270 g. Their color is straw-yellow with a golden hue, and the taste is sweet-sour with a characteristic aroma. Productivity reaches 200 kg.
This medium-sized winter-hardy high-yielding apple tree of Auxis variety, bred in Lithuania, begins bearing fruit early enough. Its spherical apples of green-yellow color and with raspberry hatching gain an average weight of 170 g. The yellowish pulp is distinguished by great juiciness and excellent dessert taste.The yellowish flesh is distinguished by great juiciness and excellent dessert taste.
This apple variety, created at the Leningrad fruit and vegetable station, is specially zoned for the northwestern region of Russia. The frost-resistant tree rises to a height of 10 m. On it grow fruits with an average weight of 120 g of a light yellow color with a blush striped. The dense white juicy crisp pulp has very high gastronomic properties.The variety is characterized by regular productivity reaching 200 kg.
The variety selected in Latvia is characterized by a high height of trees and excellent commercial qualities of apples. Their average weight is 150 g. They are painted radically red. Only after 2 months of storage do they acquire their delicate taste. They can be stored until May. In the period of fruiting, they enter at 5 years of age, after which periodicity can be observed in productivity.They differ in that they are not suitable for consumption immediately after removal from the tree.
This apple variety is actively grown today almost everywhere in Russia. The apple tree Krasa Sverdlovsk owes its great popularity to the mellow taste conditions of its fruits. In addition, the variety is characterized by frost resistance, good immunity and productivity.Experts rate its taste as the best among winter apples.
Rounded bright red fruits gain a mass of 150 g, often reaching a weight of 240 g. An adult apple tree can produce up to 100 kg of apples from a tree. The flesh of a light beige color is characterized by juiciness, density and fine grain. Experts rate its taste as the best among winter apples.
This variety was created by Leningrad breeders. A short tree gives up to 150 kg of apples, which, not differing in their catchy appearance, are nevertheless attractive with their pleasant taste. The fruits collected in the second decade of September are able to preserve their properties until March. In addition, the variety is characterized by enviable frost resistance and resistance to scab fungal disease.
This time-tested Canadian variety of apples, Mantet, has been known since 1928. It is not cold-resistant, but its fruits, according to experts, are the most delicious among apples of ripe varieties. They are painted in green-yellow color, against the background of which there is a bright red speckled blush. The flesh of white color is distinguished by juiciness, tenderness and a memorable aroma.
Glory to the winners
The famous apple variety, existing since 1928, is distinguished by enviable frost resistance, solid yield and excellent gastronomic qualities. Its fruits are light green with a beautiful red blush on top of it.Inside the apples there is a flesh of a light beige hue, which has a juiciness and sweet-sour taste with a characteristic aroma. Assessment by taste tasters is 4.6 points out of 5 possible.
Important! Demonstrating a decent yield and excellent frost resistance, the apple variety Glory to the winners at the same time can not boast of drought tolerance.
Medium-tall trees of the Robin variety produce apples of medium size, too, with a diverse side shape and painted in greenish tones, complemented by a cover pink color with strokes. Very white and juicy pulp is diluted with pink veins. The variety is not very high yield: the tree gives up to 50 kg of fruit.The taste of the fruit is sweet and sour.
The Apple Tree Dream was bred in the then All-Union Research Institute of Gardening named after I. Michurin. Its tree does not exceed 4 m in height. The average weight of the fruit is 180 g, although apples often reach a mass of 250 g.Fruits are painted in a pale yellow color with a greenish tint. However, growing in a sunny area, when ripe, they acquire a spectacular bright red color. The yield is usually 110 kg, although favorable conditions and proper care allow it to be raised to 150 kg from each tree. Their flesh is white with a pink tint, it is characterized by friability and juiciness, as well as a delicate aroma and balanced sweet and sour taste, estimated at 4.5 points.
Important! If you do not bother with the timely feeding of the Dream apple tree, like many other apple varieties, with fertilizers, the subsequent depletion of the soil can interrupt regular fruiting and make it periodic.
An apple tree with such a fabulous name was bred in the Urals in Yekaterinburg at the end of the last century and gained great popularity in many regions of Russia. This was facilitated by its frost resistance (up to -45 ° C), drought resistance and the ability of the fruits to be stored for up to 2 months, despite the summer period of their ripening.
Beautiful light green apples with a raspberry-colored cover color have an average weight of 85 g. Moreover, the yield of the apple tree is quite high, reaching 160 kg. The pulp of the fruit is juicy, hard and rich in sweet and sour taste, accompanied by a memorable aroma.
Bred in Estonia and equipped with a tricky name, the variety is distinguished by the original yellow-green-raspberry coloring of its apples with a pronounced dessert taste of their pulp. The fruits ripen at the very end of September and are able to be stored until April. The apple tree, beginning the fruiting period for 5 years of life, is then distinguished by a stable and decent yield.
Features of growing and caring for apple trees in the Leningrad region
As mentioned above, the specific climatic and weather features of the Leningrad Region determine both the choice of apple varieties that can adapt to these conditions and the methods of caring for trees. The requirements for apple trees are:
- the ability of their fruits to ripen as quickly as possible;
- frost resistance;
- resistance to diseases, especially to fungal, caused by high humidity;
- the absence of special demands on the quality of the soil.
The difficult conditions for growing apple trees in the Leningrad Region are nevertheless not an insurmountable obstacle to obtaining decent yields of quality apples.The cultivation of new suitable varieties of apple trees and the regionalization of old ones, on the one hand, as well as the development of a supply system for mineral and organic fertilizers, on the other hand, allow farmers and amateur gardeners of the region to achieve significant success in growing high-quality apples.