Features of growing and caring for an apple Paradise apple
Many people know small apple trees, literally humbled, during the ripening period, by a huge number of small apples. Most often they are called Paradise, or Rayki, although not everyone knows that this is the generalized name for a large number of varieties of one variety. Below are the main characteristics of the apple tree and the nuances of its planting and cultivation.
In the cultivation of the variety, the Low apple tree, popular in Central Asia and the south of the European continent, was used as the founder of the line. A prominent role in breeding works was played by Czech specialists who crossed a wild apple tree with the varieties Katka and Champion. As a result, a hybrid was developed with excellent characteristics, in particular, high yield. These and not only qualities (an important factor is the beautiful appearance of the tree), served as the reason for the popularity of the variety among summer residents and landscape designers.
Did you know? Under the name Paradise apples generalize Ranetka, Slivolistnaya, Siberian and Low apple trees, as well as more than a hundred of their varieties. Although only the latter has the second botanical name Paradise.
It is difficult to confuse this variety of apple trees with another, since the tree and fruits have a characteristic appearance. All trees belong to the Pink family.
Tree height and crown size
The size of an adult apple tree of one variety of this type can vary greatly in height and appearance of the crown. It depends on the stock, species and variety. Trees rarely grow tall, the crown is more often medium or very spreading. Colon-shaped trees, having a narrow narrow crown, almost do not come across.
Fruits are often collected in inflorescences resembling cherry. Leaves come in various shapes and colors, although they are very similar in most varieties. The leaves of the Chinese leafy apple tree, as the name suggests, resemble plum leaves
The roots of the tree have a vertical direction of growth, extending deep into the earth. For this reason, the plant is able to take moisture from deep horizons, and not freeze in cold winters.
Fruits have a weight of not more than 40–45 g, diameter - 2.5–3 cm. Color varies from golden yellow to bright red. Individual subspecies have unusual shades: for example, the Altai dove has a turquoise-colored integument. The surface of the fetus may consist of some kind of ribs.
The pulp is more often yellow in color, of dense consistency, quite juicy. The taste is sweet and sour, with a slight tart aftertaste. The taste of many subspecies (for example, Chinese Kerr, Siberian Bagryanka) have exotic original shades, which are difficult to compare with any other taste.
Some specifications of a Paradise apple may vary depending on the variety. Below are the most common indicators characteristic of most Paradise apples.
Resistance to subzero temperatures
Most of the tree species are resistant to frost up to –40 ° C and somewhat lower; they also suffer a strong winter cold wind. Other varieties do not differ in such resistance, although they tolerate winter, which for other apple trees may be the last (–30 ...– 35 ° С).
Exposure to Diseases and Infections
Paradise apples are resistant to most diseases and pests. They are especially resistant against powdery mildew and scab.
Most varieties are self-pollinated, but the presence of other varieties of apple trees on the site will not be superfluous.In this case, not only increases the yield of the tree, but also improves the taste.
Ripening and fruiting
Most subspecies ripen in the second half of summer, so Raikou can be considered a summer variety. The average yield from one tree can reach 32–35 kg.
Important! The fruiting of a tree grafted on a seed stock usually begins in the fourth year of life. If you planted a seed, you can get the first fruits a little later: for 6-7 years of plant life.
Pros and cons of the variety
- Of the advantages characteristic of most varieties of Paradise apples, it should be said about these:
- unpretentiousness in leaving;
- high concentration of ascorbic acid in fruits;
- apples can be used for any purpose - eat raw, cook compotes and preserve whole fruits, make jam, jam, juices;
- beautiful compact tree can be used in landscaping;
- the plant has a long lifespan;
- frost resistance;
- high yields.
- Among the disadvantages are the following:
- small fruits;
- you need to spend a lot of time and patience to fully harvest from a tree;
- short shelf life of most varieties and subspecies.
Features of growing Paradise apples
Although Raika is primarily an apple tree, some planting and growing features that distinguish it from the traditional variety exist. Before embarking on a tree planting, it is better to learn more about these nuances.
Preparation of young seedlings
In order for the tree to quickly take root and subsequently give a plentiful harvest, you need to remember simple recommendations when buying it:
- it is preferable to purchase a seedling in the nursery - this way you will protect yourself from the risk of buying low-quality material;
- the age of the tree should not exceed one year - such specimens take root better;
- carefully inspect the root system - it should be strong, without the slightest sign of dryness, the roots are branched;
- the trunk should be flat, without broken branches and mechanical damage;
- it is desirable that there is a minimum number of leaves on the branches, and the branches themselves are directed upward or slightly curved, like starting to fade;
- dry kidneys are unacceptable.
The best place to land
One of the advantages of Paradise apple trees is their unpretentiousness with respect to the composition and quality of the soil: almost any garden land is suitable for them. The place you can choose is a little shaded, in which there is not enough sunlight to grow other fruits.
Scheme and terms of disembarkation
You can plant an apple tree in spring (the second half of April - early May), or in the winter (October). Depending on the choice of variety, apply the following planting scheme:
- the distance between tall trees is 4–4.5 m;
- between dwarf and columnar - 2.5–3 m.
Did you know? The Siberian berry apple tree, belonging to the variety of Paradise apples, has one of the smallest fruits, with a diameter of up to 1 cm. In addition, the variety is considered the most frost-resistant in the world - it withstands frosts of –56 ° С.
- In a chosen place, dig a hole comparable in volume to the size of the root system of the tree. At the bottom of the hole, pour a slide so that its top reaches 2/3 of the depth of the pit. Drive a wooden peg (60–70 cm) into the bottom near the wall of the hole.
- Set the seedling on a hill, smooth its roots along the slopes of the hill, fill it with dug up soil and compact it.
- Pour warm water (1–1.5 buckets), when the earth absorbs moisture, mulch it with sawdust, hay or peat.
Caring for a young and adult tree
After planting, care for Paradise apple trees is traditional, as well as for other fruit crops.
Video: How to properly care for fruit trees
Watering and fertilizer
Trees do not need abundant watering - even in severe drought they will have enough 2-3 buckets of water weekly for one adult apple tree.If in spring and summer the normal amount of precipitation falls, you can do without additional watering.
In March, after the snow melts, nitrogen fertilizers are introduced into the trunk circle. When the ovaries begin to form, they add magnesium and potassium top dressing. Do not ignore organic matter (mullein, droppings). In the autumn digging of the soil, the plant should be fed with potassium and superphosphate with ash.
Important! You should not feed the apple tree with nitrogen in the winter - the mineral weakens the winter hardiness of plants.
Loosening the soil contributes to a better supply of oxygen to the root system. Loosening is necessary after watering and rains. The reception should be done carefully so as not to damage the roots growing at shallow depths.
Do not forget about the removal of weeds. Do this to reduce the risk of parasites and the development of diseases
In the first 5–7 years, Raikam conduct annual pruning of branches by 20–25 cm. This measure, in addition to the formation of the crown, contributes to its better growth. In addition, dry branches and those that grow inside the crown are removed. The procedure is performed twice a year: in the fall, after harvesting, and in the spring - before the buds swell.
Since the apple tree is resistant to many diseases, painstaking treatment is not required. However, preventive measures are best performed to minimize the likelihood of diseases and parasites.
In spring and autumn, they are treated with Bordeaux liquid (1%), the standard is bleached with lime with the addition of copper sulfate
Shelter for the winter
Shelter for the winter is made exclusively for the purpose of protection against rodents, since such an apple tree does not need thermal insulation. For protection, a mixture of clay and manure (1: 1) with lime and copper sulphate is suitable.
Paradise apple tree is a beautiful tree that brings tasty and healthy fruits, which, however, are small in size, which makes it difficult to harvest. But the tree is characterized by absolute unpretentiousness in care and a wonderful appearance, especially during flowering and fruiting.