Description and characteristics of bushy squash
Zucchini - vegetables that have good taste, and are also easily absorbed by the human body. The culture is unpretentious to growing conditions and gives high yields. Thanks to the selection work carried out today, we have a wide varietal variety of zucchini, which this article is devoted to.
Varieties of bushy squash for open ground
The main feature of bush squash is the growth in the form of a bush, rather than long lashes, which allows more efficient use of the area.
Depending on the length of the growing season and the timing of the technical ripeness of the fruit, the following classification of varieties is distinguished:
Such varieties are suitable for cultivation in any region, but during planting they require additional protection from cold winds by covering them with a film.
Hybrid of Dutch selection. The squat bush, compact, grows straight. The foliage is large, medium dissected and stained. Color from light to dark green. The growing season is about 40–45 days.The fruits are cylindrical and elongated, covered with a thin milky-white skin. The length is about 20 cm, and the mass is up to 650 g. The pulp is soft and light. Productivity - 910 kg / ha, about 17 kg of vegetables are obtained from one bush. Harvest ripe fruits throughout the season and store up to 5 months.
Important! The first generation Iskander hybrid, unlike other varieties, forms an ovary at low temperatures.
A hybrid variety bearing fruit on the 35–40th day of growth. Cultivated on open ground and in greenhouses. The bush is overgrown. Foliage dissected, large, green. The fruits are cylindrical, the stalk visible rib. Fruits are light green with small white spots. The peel is thin and shiny, under it is light and dense pulp.One vegetable marrow reaches 500–600 g. From one bush, up to 10 kg of fruits are collected, and from 1 ha - 418–950 c. The hybrid has immunity against mosaic of watermelon, mold, root rot. Fruits of the order of 4 months are stored.
Variety for universal cultivation. The growing season is 45 days. It grows with a bush and does not form lashes. The foliage is smooth, dark green with bright spots. The fruits are quite long - 30–40 cm and weigh up to 900 g.
Important! Cut fruit at least 2 times a week, as rare harvests reduce the productivity of the variety.
They have an elongated shape resembling a mace. The peel is thin, but dense, the flesh is white and juicy. Fruits to the very frosts. The average yield is 8-12 kg / m². Shelf life is good, fruits can be stored for more than 6 months.
The plant is compact, bush type. Fruits on the 40–45th day after planting. The shape of the fruit resembles a cylinder. Color - light green, almost white. The surface is smooth. Zucchini grow up to 20 cm in length. They have a white and creamy delicate flesh. Weigh about 500 g each. Productivity - 4–5 kg / m².
The fruits ripen at the same time, stored for about 2-3 months. Overripe zucchini acquire a pear-shaped shape, ribbing becomes more noticeable, and palatability deteriorates significantly.
The bush has short internodes and sprawling large and spotty foliage. Rhizome is located close to the surface of the soil. The flowers are large, orange and bloom per day. The variety is self-pollinating. Fruits of medium size: 25 cm in length and weighing 500 g. The shape is regular cylindrical. The peel is painted in a light green color.
Did you know? Medicine does not know a single case of zucchini allergy.
The pulp, in turn, is white and tender. Fruiting occurs on the 40–45th day and lasts about 2 months. About 1 kg of vegetables is collected from 1 m². With an untimely collection of zucchini, Cavili F1 reaches a weight of 1.5 kg and does not lose taste.
Mid-season varieties of zucchini are most often planted for home consumption.They are more resistant to pests and diseases. Thanks to such varieties, the harvest season of this crop is extended.
The bush is up to 45 cm tall and has a non-sprawling crown. The leaves are carved, light green with white spots. There are no thorns either on the stems or on the foliage. The plant self-pollinates. In the second half of the growing season, which lasts 47-50 days, it can produce lashes. The fruits are oval up to 15 cm in length. Weigh from 500 g to 1 kg.
Important! The use of zucchini is contraindicated for people suffering from renal failure, increased acidity of gastric juice, as well as hyperkalemia.
The pulp is orange, crispy and sweet. The rind is yellow-orange, smooth and dense. About 15 kg of squash are collected from one bush. In industrial cultivation, yield indicators increase to 25–35 t / ha. The harvested crop is stored for about 2 months.
Received in the Kuban and since 1988 entered into the State Register. An unpretentious variety that is adapted to the conditions of mid-latitudes. The growing season lasts up to 60 days. The fruits are cylindrical, taper to the base, light green in color, with dark green stripes. The peel is quite thin, and the flesh is white and tender. It grows up to 30 cm in length. Weight - 1.6 kg. Productivity at the level of 23 kg / m².
Harvest of zucchini of these varieties is harvested the latest, their growing season is much longer, and this has a positive effect on the taste of vegetables.
Zucchini Spaghetti Raviolo have a characteristic feature - a core in the form of long chips, which resembles spaghetti, where the name of the variety comes from. Sings the fetus in 95-130 days. It grows up to 30 cm in length and looks like a melon. Color changes depending on the phase of maturity - from green to yellow.The skin is dense. Weight ranges from 700 g to 1.2 kg. Productivity at the level of 5–9 kg / m². It is stored long enough thanks to a strong peel. Bushes of this variety are capable of overgrowing, so the question of whether to pinch them, a definite yes.
The variety comes from Italy and means "little pumpkin" in translation. The plant is compact and bushy. The fruits are oblong, the skin is very soft, and the flesh is tender and juicy. The color of the peel can be different - from pale to dark green and even yellow.
Grow up to 15 cm in length. During flowering, a large number of female flowers are formed, which guarantees high yields - about 12 kg of fruits from one bush. The growing season is 100-120 days.
Late variety of zucchini with pulp in the form of pasta. Zoned for cultivation in Ukraine and Moldova. The plant is a bush, has a compact size, forms 2-3 whips up to 1 m in length. The fruits are oval, covered with a hard, smooth peel. The color is light green. The average weight of one vegetable marrow is 1.5 kg. Creamy flesh. The growing season is 100–120 days.
Did you know? Zucchini is rich in vitamin C, which positively affects the state of human immunity.
The main rules for sowing seeds for seedlings
Seedling preparation is carried out a month before planting. Planting material is placed in a wet bag for 3 days. Swollen but not hatching seeds are heated for 6 hours at a temperature of +50 ... + 65 ° C, after which 2-3 seeds are sown in separate pots 10x10 cm in size.
The substrate is prepared with the following composition:
- 6 parts of peat;
- 2 parts of humus;
- 2 parts of turf land;
- 1 part of sawdust.
Important! Seedlings need a large amount of light, otherwise the shoots will be weak and elongated.
The second time, 10 liters are added to the solution:
- 20 g of superphosphate;
- 10 g of saltpeter;
- 15 g of potassium sulfate.
In this case, the amount per plant increases to 1 cup. 25-30-day-old shoots with 2-3 leaves are ready for transplanting.
Disembarkation and further care
Preparation for planting begins in the fall by digging the site with the simultaneous introduction of nutrients per 1 m²:
- 1 bucket of humus;
- 30 g of superphosphate;
- 15 g of potash fertilizers.
In the spring, the soil is loosened and dug. Form rows at a distance of 1-1.5 m from each other. And between the holes - 1 m. So that each plant has at least 1 m² of area.In each hole contribute 1 tbsp. l "Effekton", after which they fall asleep with a small layer of earth. Seedlings are planted along with a lump of soil removed from the pot. Buried to the leaves. Cover with a film. Watering is carried out every 10 days at the rate of 10 liters per 1 m².
Important! 10 days before harvesting, irrigation is stopped, as this can provoke decay of the fruit.
During flowering, fertilizers are applied, for 10 l of water use:
- 40 g of superphosphate;
- 20 g of potassium nitrate;
- 25 g of ammonium sulfate.
1 liter of fertilizer is consumed per bush. Before fruiting, they are fed a solution of mullein or bird droppings in the calculation of 1:10 and 1:20, respectively.
Harvesting, transportability and storage
The first early fruits are sung already on the 30–35th day of growth. Zucchini is cut with a knife along with a 2-3 cm long stalk. Harvested vegetables are placed in dry boxes covered with straw or parchment paper. It can also be folded into a mesh bag and then hung in a dark ventilated room. The temperature is kept at 0 ... + 2 ° C.It is important that the room is dry, otherwise the fruits will quickly begin to rot. For transportation, fruits with a dense peel are selected, without any damage. Zucchini is a low-calorie vegetable of universal use, while containing a large amount of nutrients.
A large variety of crops guarantees a long harvest season, as well as the possibility of cultivating vegetables in different climatic zones. The described varieties of bush zucchini will significantly save the area and at the same time get a rich harvest.