Descriptions and features of growing small carrots
Miniature vegetables look very aesthetically pleasing on a plate as a side dish, in addition, they like to include them in the children's menu. They are also called baby vegetables, as they are small in size. Among these crops is mini-carrots, which are easy to grow in your area. What varieties of this root crop exist and how to cultivate them are discussed further in the article.
The most common varieties of mini carrots
Mini-carrots differ from the usual one not only in their small size, but also in their excellent taste and high carotene content, which gives the vegetable a bright color. The shape of root vegetables in such a carrot can be different, even round.
Did you know? Beta-carotene stains plants in orange and is a precursor to vitamin A. It has a powerful antioxidant effect on the body and increases its defenses. The daily requirement for beta-carotene in an adult is 5 mg.
Carrot is a mid-season variety. Harvest can be harvested after 100-110 days from the date of emergence of seedlings. It is suitable for winter sowing. Root crops look very aesthetically pleasing: they are cone-shaped with a blunt tip and thin skin of bright orange color. They are characterized by high carotene content (10–13 mg per 100 g). Root crops can grow in length from 9 to 15 cm and weigh 80–160 g.The pulp of the root of this variety has high palatability - juicy, sweet (8% sugar) and tender, with a carrot flavor. The core of the carrot is small and also orange. Depending on the growing conditions, from 1 m² of beds it is possible to harvest from 5.6 to 7.7 kg of crop. The variety is resistant to darting, cracking, short-term frosts and certain diseases (to rot of root crops and leaf spot). It has excellent keeping quality and transportability.
It is entered in the State registry of the Russian Federation in the Central region. This mid-early variety can be harvested 90 days after emergence. It forms smooth blunt-pointed conical root crops with flat shoulders up to 10 cm long. The vegetable has orange skin, flesh and core. Taste is at a good level - the flesh is juicy and tender.Root crops weigh 90–170 g. They contain 11.9% solids, 7.1% sugars and 12.8 mg (per 100 g) of carotene. Productivity - 261-582 kg / ha. When grown, the root crop may protrude slightly above the ground. These carrots are perfectly stored and transported.
It belongs to the early varieties of small carrots. It can be grown in the middle zone, in the Urals and in Siberia. Forms homogeneous pointed roots of orange color and 10 cm in length. The average weight, depending on the density of planting, is up to 100-150 g. This plant has a powerful leaf apparatus, very convenient for harvesting with a top-harvest type harvester. The need for thinning in the variety is very moderate.
Very early ripening variety - from germination to production takes only 65 days. It forms the root crops of a non-standard round shape, similar to the shape of a radish. They have a smooth surface with small eyes and a bright orange color.Root vegetables have a sweet, juicy taste. The variety is not very fast, but it gives an early harvest, and is also suitable for pickling a whole vegetable. Polar cranberries are great for northern regions with short summers. Moreover, its seeds germinate only at a temperature of + 3 ... + 4 ° C.
The carrots of this early hybrid of Czech selection can be harvested 85 days after germination. It has small (3-5 cm) roundish aligned root crops of a bright orange color. The variety Rondo does not give the shooter, the root crop does not crack. Vegetable is perfect for fresh consumption or processing.
Features of growing small carrots
The main feature of the cultivation of this carrot is that it is preferred to plant it in the winter.This is especially true for precocious and early varieties that are poorly stored.
Important! Almost all mini varieties of carrots can be cultivated at home. It is recommended to sow them since March. With earlier crops, additional lighting will be needed, and if you sow seeds in the fall, the vegetable will slowly grow.
For planting mini-carrots, you need to take the area lit by the sun. This crop grows well on fertile, light soils: chernozem, loamy and loamy soil with a neutral reaction are suitable for it. You should choose a place for this vegetable where tomatoes, cucumbers, zucchini, onions, garlic, potatoes or cabbage grew. Parsley, dill, parsnip, celery are considered to be bad predecessors.Since mini-carrots are often planted in the winter, The following points should be noted:
- In the selected area there should be no stagnation of water. Otherwise, care should be taken about drainage.
- If the soil has an increased level of acidity, then it should be produced. For this, chalk or lime is added to the soil.
- When digging, it is necessary to introduce humus and peat so that the soil is loose and contains enough nutrients. This must be done at least a few weeks before sowing.
Important! When planting mini-carrots, it should be borne in mind that the seeds must be planted to a depth of 2–2.5 cm, and the distance between the grooves should be at least 2 cm.
This plant crop is sown in the winter from about the second half until the end of November. This procedure should be carried out before the onset of frost. If you plant the seeds earlier, then they can germinate and give seedlings that will quickly die when the temperature drops. In order to protect the crop from excessive rainfall (rain and snow), it is recommended to cover the area with film and hold shelter until the seeds are planted. When planting before winter, the harvest of mini-carrots can be obtained in June.In areas with frequent thaws, after which frost returns, this crop should be sown only in the spring. For an earlier harvest, sowing is carried out from the second half until the end of April. During this period, the snow had already melted, but the earth had not yet completely warmed up. In order that the first seedlings do not die from night frosts, it is recommended to protect the crops with covering material, which is better to pull on the arcs.
Did you know? In the Middle Ages the Germans it was believed that carrots are very fond of gnomes and they can exchange it for gold.
For a later harvest, planting is carried out in May or early June. Such terms are suitable for varieties, which are then laid for storage (Karotel, Marlinka), or for re-sowing early ripening carrots (Polar cranberries). Planting dates largely depend on the climate zone. In any case, the vegetable should be planted in spring when the soil warms up to + 8 ... + 10 ° С.
Prepare seeds for planting as follows:
- Sorting. Sort seeds, discarding damaged specimens. To select suitable material for planting, you need to place it in a saline solution (1 teaspoon of salt in 1 glass of water). The specimens that were left to swim on the surface should be discarded. Rinse and dry the remaining seeds.
- Disinfection. For this purpose, planting material is placed in a solution of potassium permanganate of low concentration.
- Hardening. This process should be carried out when landing in areas with colder climates. For this purpose, the seed must first be filled with water at room temperature, and then placed in the refrigerator overnight. Repeat this process for 5 days.
This vegetable should be properly looked after so that root crops normally develop. Care includes hydration and fertilizing.
Important! It is not worth watering carrot beds with cold water, as this can cause the appearance of fungal diseases.
Watering and fertilizer
Initially, watering of carrot seedlings is carried out every 3 days when dry weather is established, then they are reduced to 1 time in 5–7 days. Irrigation requires 15 liters of water per 1 m². Watering is good in the morning or evening. The temperature for moistening the planting should be in the range + 18 ... + 25 ° С.You can feed the culture with natural means, such as wood ash, manure, compost, lime, decoctions of nettles, burdock and chamomile. The use of chemical fertilizers also gives a good result.
It is recommended to carry out such dressings for planting carrots:
- The first introduction of nutrients is after the formation of 3-4 true leaves. For feeding, the following composition is suitable: take 10 g of urea and superphosphate per 10 liters of water, as well as 20 g of potassium nitrate.
- The second top dressing is carried out 2-3 weeks after the first. To do this, use complex fertilizers.
- Make the last fertilizer in the initial phase of root formation. Fertilizers containing phosphorus, boron and manganese are well suited for this. These substances will give carrots the necessary sweet taste.
Gardeners are advised to make the fourth top dressing, which is needed to remove nitrate substances from this vegetable. For this, potassium-containing fertilizers are added 30 days prior to the collection of root crops.
Important! Even mini-carrots should be broken. In this case, between the plants you need to leave a distance of only 2.5 cm.
Pest and Disease Control
Under unfavorable conditions or violations of agricultural farming techniques, mini-carrots can affect various diseases. Consider the main ones:
- Phomosis. The disease manifests itself at the last stage of root crop ripening in the form of dark brown spots on the tops and stalks, which then form on the carrots themselves. To combat phomosis, treatments using 1% Bordeaux fluid are used.
- Alternariosis. You can detect the disease by dark spots and twisting of foliage. The root vegetable itself begins to give bitterness. In this case, the chemical preparation "Rovral" should be used.
- Cercosporosis. This fungal disease leads to darkening of the areas on the tops, which then begin to rot. Root crops in this case become deformed and too small. To get rid of cercosporosis, apply a 1% Bordeaux mixture.
- Brown spotting. Often affects young plants and is detected by darkening at the base. In the grown specimen, yellowing of the leaves appears first, and then they acquire a brown color. To cope with the disease, you need to loosen the soil and remove weeds, as well as spray the culture with a decoction of celandine, horsetail or nettle.
- Powdery Mildew The main symptom of the disease is white plaque, similar to flour. In this case, fungicidal preparations, such as Fitosporin-M, Trichodermin, will help.
- Felt rot. With this disease, a putrid plaque of a dark color appears on the roots, which eventually forms a brownish felt crust. If the disease is started, then black dots are found on the carrots. To eliminate felt rot, chlorine oxide of copper is treated.
- Bacteriosis This disease first affects the lower part of the tops, which turns yellow, then the yellowed areas turn brown. Brown spots and ulcers are also found on the root crop. To get rid of bacteriosis, use the chemical product "Hom".
To prevent the occurrence of diseases it is necessary:
- adhere to crop rotation;
- prevent stagnation of water in the beds;
- carry out loosening and removal of weed grass;
- dig a plot in the fall;
- disinfect seeds before planting;
- carry out preventive treatments with Bordeaux liquid and other means.
In addition to diseases, mini-carrots can be invaded by pests such as carrot flies, moths and leaf flies. To eliminate them, chemical treatments such as Intavir or Karatan are used. Spraying insects will help spraying with infusion of garlic, onions, and a tobacco-soap solution. The smell of planted next to some plants - marigolds, marigolds, onions, and garlic will also help stop arthropods.
To prevent the occurrence of aisle pests, you can fill it with needles and wood ash. From such a malicious pest as a bear, the Medvedoks chemical product will help. But slugs can be eliminated by spraying with salt water at night.So, varieties of mini-carrots are very popular due to the interest in miniature sized vegetables. These root vegetables have excellent taste and high beta-carotene content. The agricultural technology of mini-carrots as a whole is no different from caring for ordinary carrots, except that less effort is spent on breaking through.