TOP 8 best varieties of cucumbers for growing on the balcony
Fresh home-made cucumbers grown on your own in your own area - what could be better. But what to do for those who do not have a summer residence or if time does not allow them to engage in a garden? Selection experts came to the rescue in this situation, who created many varieties of cucumbers that get along well at home - on balconies and loggias. Consider the most popular of them, whose characteristics allow you to get a decent harvest without leaving home.
Varieties of cucumbers for growing on the balcony
When starting to choose the most suitable variety of balcony cucumbers, you need to know that the best types for home growing are self-pollinated or parthenocarpic varieties of cucumbers. It should also be noted that for each variety the basic rules of the care procedures may differ slightly, therefore, in order to obtain a quality crop, it is worthwhile carefully studying the recommendations from the manufacturers first.
Did you know? The Himalayan mountains are considered to be the birthplace of cucumbers, where wild cucumbers can still be found to this day.
Balagan F1 cucumbers have almost all the characteristics that make them the best variety for growing at home: short ripening period, female type of flowering and weak branching (presence of short lateral lashes). In one node, 3 to 6 ovaries can form. The fruits themselves have compact dimensions - 10 cm in length, a diameter of 3–3.5 cm and a mass of up to 80–85 g, as well as a green tint and light green stripes. Taste is rated as high. One of the main advantages is the presence of persistent immunity to various diseases.
Cucumber Balcony refers to the parthenocarpic unpretentious varieties with a female flowering type and a long fruiting period. The variety is early ripe - from the appearance of the first seedlings to the first harvest, 40–43 days pass. Plants are compact and medium-branched, as well as shortened internodes. In one sinus, you can count from 2 to 8 ovaries.
The fruits have an oval-cylindrical shape and a slight tuberosity and ribbing. Length is 7–10 cm, weight - 80–90 g. Taste properties are high. The Balcony variety is distinguished by a fairly high cold resistance and stable immunity to most diseases.
Garland F1 is a medium-sized, low-branched hybrid, and therefore does not require time-consuming stepsoning. The variety is distinguished by a female type of flowering and parthenocarpic type. 3-5 flowers can be formed in one leaf sinus, while empty flowers are extremely rare. The fruits have a cylindrical shape, dark green color and light stripes. The length of cucumbers is 10–12 cm, 3–3.5 cm in diameter and up to 120 g of weight. Taste qualities are rated as high. The variety is characterized by a stable immunity to powdery mildew and cladosporiosis.
The calendar refers to the early ripening parthenocarpic hybrid varieties of the Gherkin type. It has a female type of flowering and medium branching. In one node, from 2 to 6 ovaries are observed, with the clumping prevailing on the lateral shoots, and not on the main stem, so you need to be extremely careful when diving. The fruits are characterized by an oval, spindle-shaped shape, saturated green color with light stripes throughout the cucumber and high taste. The length of the greenery is small - from 8 to 10 cm, diameter - 3–3.5 cm, weight - 80–90 g. The variety is resistant to various diseases.
Hummingbird cucumbers are an early ripening medium-branched variety of universal application, with high taste characteristics. Ripening period vary from 38 to 42 days. The hybrid is characterized by consistent fruit formation. In one sinus, 2–10 ovaries can be formed.Cucumbers have a cylindrical shape with some narrowing towards the peduncle.
The skin is tuberous, covered with spikes. The fruit length is from 5 to 8 cm, the transverse size is from 3 to 3.7 cm, and the weight is 60–80 g. Cucumbers of this variety are resistant to diseases, are distinguished by the excellent taste of greens and easily tolerate transportation.
Did you know? For the first time, cucumbers began to be eaten more than 6,000 years ago.
The hybrid is a type of Balcony and refers to early ripening, parthenocarpic bunch varieties of the Gherkin type. It is characterized by a female type of flowering and weakened lateral branching. The peel of the fruit has a slight tuberosity and spikes over the entire surface. The shape of the cucumbers is fusiform, length is about 7–11 cm, diameter is 2.5–3.5 cm, weight varies from 60 to 110 g. From 2 to 10 ovaries are formed in one node. The variety belongs to the universal, has a high taste characteristics. The hybrid has a stable immunity to various diseases.
Sorvanets F1 is a prematurely pollinated cultivar of the gherkin type with semi-determinate bushes. The fruits are universal and have high taste characteristics, green, with bright veins. The skin is medium-hilly, covered with black spikes. The length of the green stuff reaches 11 cm, the weight is about 100 g. The yield of one bush is 4.5–5 kg. The variety is quite resistant to common diseases (for example, root rot and powdery mildew).
The variety is a bee pollinated early hybrid. 45–48 days pass from the appearance of the first seedlings to the first harvest. The plant is distinguished by a female or mixed type of flowering and medium branching. The fruits have high palatability and are universally applicable, their length is 10–12 cm, and their weight is 70–80 g. The shape of the cucumbers is elliptical, the skin is medium-hilly, with white pubescence. The debut has a stable immunity to various diseases (for example, powdery mildew and angular spotting).
Features of planting cucumbers
The process of growing beds with cucumbers on the balcony consists of several stages:
- Presowing seed treatment - a procedure that should be carried out in the middle or end of winter, but subject to the possibility of controlling the temperature in the room. To increase the germination rate of planting material, a number of measures are taken: rejection (seeds are poured with warm water for several hours, after which all emerging seeds are removed, considering them empty or too small for sowing), disinfection (seeds are soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 20 minutes, after which are washed under running water), germination (all planting material is placed in a fabric bag and covered with a thick layer of gauze, which is systematically moistened).
- Soil preparation - for this purpose, you can purchase a ready-made substrate or prepare the mixture yourself from equal parts of humus, sod land, peat and wood dust shredded to dust. It is recommended to increase the structure of the prepared soil by applying top dressing (based on 2 cups of wood ash, 5 g of nitrogen and potassium-phosphorus fertilizers, 30 g of lime per 1 bucket of soil). The container in which the cucumbers will grow is sanitized in advance - the container is treated with a pink solution of potassium permanganate and 30–40 minutes with hot steam.
- Sowing seeds and further care - for growing seedlings of cucumbers, it is recommended to use a separate container for each bush (it can be a glass or a small pot). When sowing in the soil of each tank to a depth of 2 cm, one seed is placed, covered with soil and carefully watered, making sure that the water does not wash the planting material. Next, the container with seeds is exposed in a room with a temperature regime of +23 ... + 26 ° С.With the advent of the first sprouts, seedlings are rearranged in illuminated places (for example, a window sill), and the temperature is lowered to +18 ... + 20 ° С during the day and to + 15 ° С at night.
In total, such a process, starting from sowing seeds and ending with ready seedlings, will take about 25–28 days. For the entire period of seedling growth, fertilizer will need to be applied twice: the first time after the appearance of the first sprouts (either they purchase ready-made fertilizers, or use a solution of urea in the proportions of 1 tsp. Per 1 liter of water with the calculation of 1 glass per 1 sprout) and the second time - when a second sheet appears (use a solution of 1 teaspoon of wood ash and nitrophosphate dissolved in 3 liters of water).
- Planting seedlings - seedlings, whose age has reached readiness for transplanting to a permanent place, moves to small boxes of 20 × 30 × 60 cm in size, with mandatory drainage holes. The soil for further cultivation of cucumbers can be taken from the container in which the seedlings grew, and preliminarily watered with water at room temperature. It is better to transplant bushes with a lump of earth on the rhizome, which minimizes plant stress.
Important! Experienced growers note that seeds 3-5 are best for planting-summer exposure.
On closed balconies, containers with cucumbers can be placed in any place convenient for you, subject to sufficient natural light. In open loggias, it is better to place boxes in the corners in order to protect plants from gusts of wind.
How to care for cucumbers on the balcony
Further care is not difficult and does not require a lot of time. However, although most varieties of cucumbers bred for domestic cultivation are unpretentious, still the care of these plants is guaranteed to affect the quantity and quality of the future crop.
Care procedures include the following activities:
- in the process of forming the main stem, it is necessary to remove the mustache of cucumbers;
- pinching of the main stem;
- depending on the cultivar, side shoots are removed;
- preventive measures against pests and diseases.
However, not only the soil needs moisture, but also the room air and the aboveground part of the plants. To maintain the required level of humidity, an open bucket of water is put on the balcony, and the bushes of cucumbers are sprayed daily in the evening using a spray bottle. In addition, a small amount of water is added to the pan, from where it is absorbed by the rhizome through the drainage holes.
During prolonged heat, when the air temperature is kept at + 30 ° C, in order to avoid burns, the leaves of cucumbers protect from direct sunlight. In case the temperature drops below + 15 ° С at night, it is recommended to wrap the boxes with burlap to prevent overcooling of the root system.
Important! When cucumbers are deformed, when the shape of the fruit resembles a light bulb, it is necessary to add calcium to the soil - ash spraying or watering (1 liter of solution under the root of each plant).
Features of the collection, transportation and storage of crops
Harvesting cucumbers can be done once every few days during the period of maximum fruiting, but we also allow harvesting twice a day (morning and evening).Cucumbers are cut with a sharp knife or scissors, leaving a small shoot of the stem, which helps to increase the duration of storage and preserve the presentation in transit.
Also, immediately before placing the fruits in the refrigerator, it is recommended to leave them for a short time in the fresh air, avoiding direct sunlight.
To extend the shelf life of cucumbers to 12-14 days, some tricks are used:
- fruits are stored in plastic bags;
- cucumbers, cut together with the stem, are placed in a container with a small amount of water, the stalk down;
- purely washed fruits are coated with egg white.