Strawberry Pest and Disease Processing
Strawberry is the berry that adults and children love.. However, in order to harvest a good harvest every year, you must take care of it. Leaving consists in cutting bushes and processing from pests. Also an important factor in the quality growth of the berry culture is the humidity of the land where the plantings are located. You can learn about the intricacies of agricultural technology in the article.
What is the purpose of processing
The first and most common cause of seedling disease is pests. In nature, there are a number dangerous insects that can harm and destroy berries:
Did you know? In some countries, strawberries are picked green and pickled. This dish serves as an alternative to pickled cucumbers.
The cause of the spread of fungus and rot may be:
- too wet soil;
- uncleaned area around strawberry bushes - old leaves, grass;
- densely planted seedlings;
- cold and damp spring.
Important! If you cover strawberry bushes with spanbond in the month of February, this will protect it from excessive moisture. And also the crop will ripen 10 to 15 days earlier.
Ways and means of pest control
In order for the fruits to be healthy, the ground and bushes need to be prepared before planting. The area on which seedlings will be planted should be clean of weeds, with moistened soil. Themselves bushes need to be treated with potassium permanganate solution - Pour water at 65 ° C into the container and add crystals of potassium permanganate so that the solution turns pale pink. Then lower the strawberry bushes and stand for 15 minutes. This procedure will get rid of nematodes.
Also, in the pit around the bush, you should pour a little wood ash, it will not allow arthropod pests to reach flowers and berries.
In early spring, strawberries need to be treated with Karbofos or Metaphos. These prophylactic agents will relieve ticks from the bushes.
Did you know? Strawberries are not only scarlet, but also white. The seeds of such fruits are red, and on the cous the berries resemble pineapple.
The main stages and terms of processing seedlings
It is necessary to process seedlings from diseases both in early spring, before flowering, and in autumn - after the last harvest.
Important! Late strawberry varieties bear fruit until the end of September.
After winter frosts, every plant needs attention. Strawberry seedlings must be treated from harmful insects and arthropods. Remove old twigs, stones, mulch from the ridge.If spots appear on the leaves during the winter, this is a sign of a plant's disease. It is necessary to treat them before flowering. This will make it possible to have a quality crop. "Treat" plants need drugs that can be bought at any store "Home, Garden, Kitchen Garden".
In autumn, after pruning leaves and mustaches, it is necessary to spray the plant from pests that may remain in the ground. There are many drugs that can be used for this purpose.Features of seedling processing for the winter, is that it needs to be sprayed, fertilized and covered. This will saturate the earth, protect it from freezing, and destroy pests.
There are also folk ways of prevention than you can spray berry bushes. For example, at the cottage, in the autumn, treat bushes with iodine solution - it will never hurt. This will save the plant from pests and diseases. It is very simple to prepare the composition - drop 10 drops of iodine in 10 liters of water. This tool is safe and effective.
How to properly process seedlings
Pruning dry and old leaves, as well as whiskers, is possible for the entire period of plant growth. Feeding the soil with minerals is useful in autumn and spring. Treatment for diseases is carried out after the harvest.
Important! It is not necessary to treat strawberries with chemical preparations during the flowering period, so as not to provoke the accumulation of substances undesirable for human health in berry ovaries.
All preventive manipulations must be carried out on time and correctly - this will allow gardeners to have less problems with diseases, fungi, harmful insects. So, for example, in the spring, when the snow fell, it is possible to carry out measures to prevent the reproduction of weevil. It is he who eats holes in the leaves of strawberries and lays eggs.Iodine watering is what will help destroy the weevil.
For preventive measures, use onion planting next to strawberries. Also, folk remedy for weevil - an aqueous solution with garlic. To cook it, you need to infuse 100 g of garlic in 10 liters of water a week. After that add 400 g of coniferous extract and 2 tbsp of boric acid. Prophylactic - ready, you can start watering seedlings.
Observing simple manipulations and caring for the plant, the summer resident will receive a generous strawberry crop. Do not ignore the advice of professionals and practitioners. Read, be interested, apply.