TOP-12 of the best varieties of yellow cherries and features of its cultivation
In recent years, cherry with yellow berries has become popular in the garden, more and more varieties of a cultivar variety are appearing. In the article we will take a closer look at the best representatives of yellow fruit.
The best varieties of yellow cherries
According to gardeners, yellow varieties are more resistant to climate change, more fertile than red-fruited varieties. We bring to your attention the 12 best varieties of this culture with yellow fruit color.
The height of an adult tree is about 3.5 m. Strong shoots with a smooth gray-brown bark form a spreading, medium-density crown. The raised crown is similar in shape to a dome. The leaves are large, oval in shape, with a fine-toothed edge. The color of the foliage is light green.
The tree begins to bear fruit from 4 years old, berries ripen in the second decade of June. The ripening of berries is simultaneous, the average weight is 8–10 g. The shape of the berry is heart-shaped, oblate at the edges. The peel is amber-yellow, with bright under-skin dots, smooth. The pulp is sweet, with a hint of acidity, dense structure and very juicy, it is easily separated from the bone.
For full fruiting, pollinating varieties are required:
- Drogana yellow;
- Advantages of the Summer Resident:
- stable fruiting and simultaneous ripening;
- yield up to 45 kg per tree;
- excellent taste;
- good resistance to drought;
- winter hardiness, flower buds tolerate return frosts;
- dense peel allows transportation over long distances;
- good resistance to coccomycosis, other fungal diseases, insects.
- The disadvantages include self-fertility of the variety.
Did you know? From the fruits of cherries, a food coloring is made, but the most surprising is that its color is green, not red.
The tree is characterized by intensive growth, the height of an adult specimen is up to 5.5 m. The hemisphere-shaped crown is formed by flexible branches with brownish-gray bark. The leaves are saturated green, oval in shape, with a sharp tip and serrated edge.
Stable fruiting starts from 6 years. Early flowering - in May, in the first decade of June, the fruits ripen. Productivity - 35–40 kg per tree. The weight of the berries is on average up to 6 g, the skin is yellow in color with a faint blush.
Despite the large size of the fruit (up to 2 cm in diameter), most of the weight falls on a large bone. The disadvantage is smoothed out by the fact that the bone is easily separated from the sweet and sour and juicy pulp. The minuses of the variety are also considered rapid growth, which must be regulated by a frequent pruning procedure, and low safety during transportation.
- Home cherry has its advantages
- kidney resistance to spring temperature drops;
- resistance to frost;
- high content of vitamin C in fruits (10.6 mg);
- self-fertility of the variety, i.e. there is no need for pollinators;
- resistance to cracking berries;
- good resistance to fungal diseases.
The variety easily adapts to different climatic conditions: winter-hardy and drought-resistant, not capricious to the composition of the soil. Tall (up to 6 m) tree forms a dense spreading crown. Shoots are strong and flexible, with smooth gray bark. The foliage is dark green, oval, pointed at the end of the plate.
The age of fruiting onset is 3-5 years, maturing later - at the end of July. Large (up to 12 g) round berries. The skin is thin, pale yellow, glossy. The pulp is of dense structure, with a delicate sweet taste.
- The advantages of yellow drogans include resistance to adverse weather conditions and a high, annually stable yield of up to 70 kg per tree.
- However, there are significant disadvantages:
- the crop does not tolerate transportation (the peel of the fruit is cracked);
- the variety is susceptible to fruit rot and cherry fly attacks;
- the bone is poorly separated from the pulp;
- frozen cherries lose their shape when thawing;
- the variety is self-fertile and requires help in pollination.
- Denissen is yellow;
A medium-sized tree up to 4 m high, with a spreading sparse crown. The bark is smooth, gray in color, with young branches of a yellowish tint. Dark green foliage on long stalks, rounded oval in shape.
In May, in the second half of the month, Amber blooms. Stable fruiting begins 4 years after planting, in late June. The crop ripens evenly, in an amount up to 35 kg per tree. For pollination, you will need other varieties with similar flowering periods, for example, Ovstuzhenka or Severnaya.
The color of the heart-shaped berries corresponds to the name of the variety, weight - 6-6.5 g. The flesh is pale yellow, juicy, easily separated from the stone. The taste is dessert, sweet, with a slightly noticeable acidity. The thin peel of the fruit does not allow long transport, the fruit is better to use fresh or processed for the winter.
Amber, subject to quality shelter for the winter, will survive a temperature of -30 ° C. Resistance to drought is average, with a long absence of watering, a decrease in productivity is possible.
The undoubted advantage of the variety is its resistance to coccomycosis and moniliosis; during preventive treatments, the culture is resistant to pests.
Mid-sized tree with a spreading crown in the shape of a hemisphere. Branches are not too leafy, arranged alternately. The bark is smooth, gray-brown. Ovate leaf blades with a serrated green edge.
The first fruits can be harvested in the fourth year after planting. Ripening is early: at the end of June, yellow berries with a bright pink blush appear on a long stalk. The fruit up to 8 g weighs juiciness, sweet and sour taste, the pulp is well separated from the bone.
- Among the advantages of Franz Joseph:
- stable annual fruiting of a tree (70–115 kg);
- early ripening;
- high transportability;
- universality in application;
- drought tolerance;
- resistance to gray rot and insects.
- The disadvantages of the variety:
- average winter hardiness;
- low resistance to moniliosis, coccomycosis;
- the need for pollinators (Drogana yellow, Golden, Bigarro Grolya).
A medium-sized cherry with a wide crown formed by strong, flexible branches. The bark of the branches is gray-brown, the foliage is oval, with a sharp tip and a serrated edge.
Ripening later: in mid-July. The mass of berries is on average 8 g. Color - light amber, thin skin, sweet flesh, soft structure. The round bone is separated from the pulp without any problems.
- Advantages of sweet cherry:
- stable fruiting;
- large sweet berries.
- low transportability;
- susceptibility to coccomycosis and cherry fly attacks.
Tree needs pollinators with the same flowering period, for example, yellow Drogan or Godelfingensky cherries will suit him.
Strong cherry, with thick branches, it needs pruning and tiered formation. The crown is spreading, in the form of an inverted pyramid, leafy.
In late June, large (up to 12 g) heart-shaped berries ripen. Fruits growing on the sunny side can be completely covered with a blush of carmine color. The main color of the peel is saturated yellow. The flesh is sweet and sour, juicy, easily separated from the bone.
- Advantages of sweet cherry General:
- high productivity (50 kg per tree);
- drought and winter hardiness;
- early maturity (first crop in the third year);
- universality in application;
- resistance to coccomycosis.
- The variety has no obvious flaws.
A tree with a pyramidal crown is characterized by average growth rates. The fruiting period begins in the third year after planting. Productivity is high, stable annually, ripening in the second decade of July. Cultivation is simple.Appetizing cherries are resistant to major diseases.
The berries are light yellow in color with a translucent peel, the average weight is 3.5 g. When fully ripened, the sides of the rounded fruits are covered with a reddish blush. The pulp of dessert flavor, pink, dense, easily separated from the bone.
A medium-sized plant with a loose, rounded crown. In the 4th – 5th year after planting, it begins to bear fruit. Ripening is medium late: in late June and early July. Productivity is stable annually: 40-50 kg per tree.
The berries are large, on average, their weight is 10 g. Rounded yellow-pink fruits are distinguished by a strong aroma, sweetness in taste. The structure of the pulp is dense, crisp. Aelita needs pollinators, in this quality varieties are suitable for her:
- Valery Chkalov;
- Drogana yellow;
Did you know? Giant cherry-trees are still found in nature - 25–30 m tall.
A tree with high growth rates, wide, sprawling, hemispherical crown. During flowering, the tree needs pollinators, for example, Cherry Zorka or Leningrad pink.
Ripening later, towards the end of summer. The berries are yellow-amber, round, sweet-tart to the taste. During long-term transportation, part of the crop may lose its presentation.
- Among the main advantages of the variety:
- winter hardiness
- high resistance to fungal diseases and insects.
According to most sources, the Tsypa variety is still being tested, so there is no complete information about the culture. At the moment, the following information is confirmed:
- ripening - in early July;
- fetal mass - 8–11 g;
- the flesh is sweet;
- moderate resistance to low temperatures.
A tree with gray-brown bark, with a high annual growth, up to 5 m tall. The crown is thick, spreading. The foliage is dark green, with large plates, a serrated edge.
A variety of early flowering (late April) and ripening (early June). Bright yellow rounded berries weighing up to 8 g, sweet to the taste, fragrant. The pulp is juicy and dense.
- Grade advantages:
- early ripening;
- dessert bright taste;
- partial self-fertility (the variety may be a pollinator);
- stable yield.
Important! Weather conditions can affect crop yield, so if pollinators are available, the variety shows the best yield.
- low winter hardiness (recommended for the southern regions);
- low resistance to drought;
- the need for frequent pruning.
The key to successful crop cultivation is compliance with all planting rules, starting with the choice of a place and culture neighbors.
For autumn planting, it is better to choose September or early October, when at least 3-4 weeks remain before the first frost.
In spring, depending on the region, planting is carried out in April-May, before the swelling of the kidneys and after return frosts.
Choosing the right place
Good lighting is important for cherriesThe plot should be open to the sun. Tall deciduous or coniferous trees should be at a distance of at least 7 m. It is better to choose the southern direction of the site, protected by a residential or farm building from a draft.Soil acidity indicators are neutral or close to them.
The location of groundwater is desirable at a level of 2.5 m from the soil surface, not higher. Soil type: loose and light, with good moisture and air permeability.
Important! The proximity of sweet cherries to pears is undesirable, since they are competitors, as well as raspberries and nightshade crops — they have the same disease.
Selection and preparation of planting material
Planting material is best purchased in horticultural farms, where there are documents confirming the varietal characteristics of the tree. Criteria for determining a healthy plant:
- age no more than 3 years;
- plain color bark;
- the presence of kidneys;
- the length of the roots is about 20 cm, the processes are at least 3 cm;
- the absence of damage, sag or suspicious stains on the parts of the seedling.
A pit is prepared in the fall, regardless of the timing of planting. In the autumn version, the preparation of the pit is carried out a month before landing. The size of the hole is 80 × 100 cm. The soil extracted from it is mixed with fertilizers: humus (3 buckets) and wood ash (1 l).
- The nutrient-earth mixture is removed, an embankment corresponding to the size of the roots is formed at the bottom of the hole.
- The seedlings placed on top of the embankment are straightened.
- The plant is gradually covered with earth, ramming each layer to exclude air voids.
- The root neck of the plant should remain above the ground.
- A seedling covered in soil is abundantly watered by means of a furrow dug in a near-stem circle.
Despite the moisture-loving nature of some varieties of cherries, not one of them suffers moisture stagnation, therefore, irrigation is carried out three times per season, exceptions are only periods of drought. On an adult tree, 20-30 l of water is usually consumed, watering is carried out in the groove of the trunk circle. Watering during flowering and during ripening is also important.
After the humidification procedure, you can cover the trunk circle with mulchto inhibit weed growth and protect the soil surface from crusting. Loosening and weeding around the trunk will provide the root system with a maximum of oxygen and nutrition.
Cherry is sensitive to fertilizers.: their excess can lead to cracking of the bark on the trunk and shoots, which, in turn, will lead to the penetration of infections. Nitrogen compounds should be introduced only with a slow growth of branches, and if the growth is normal, then the nitrogen norm should be minimal. In the spring, in the third year after planting, urea (100 g) is introduced into the soil of the trunk circle. In autumn, 300 g of superphosphate and 100 g of any potash fertilizer are applied to the soil.
Every year, as the trees grow, pruning is carried out: formative and sanitary. Typically, cherries are formed in tiers, between each tier, depending on the growth rate of the variety, a distance of 50–70 cm is left. In spring and autumn, the tree is cleaned of broken, frostbitten branches, and shoots growing inside or unpromising shoots are removed.
As a prophylaxis of insects and diseases, whitewashing of the trunk is carried out to a height of about 1.2 m. Copper sulfate (1%) is added to the mixture of lime and clay. In the spring, spraying is carried out with copper sulfate or Bordeaux mixture.
In winter, the trunk to a height of at least 1 m needs to be tied with fir branches and a dense film to protect against rodents. The trunk circle is covered with mulch and agrofibre, especially for young trees.
Harvesting and storage
Harvest intended for transportation over long distances is harvested at the stage of technical ripeness in order to increase the preservation of the fruit. Berries plucked from the stalk are placed in a container with ventilation holes, a thin layer.
Important! To exclude cracking of berries, 3 weeks before harvesting, watering should be stopped.
Yellow cherries in taste are not inferior to red-fruited varieties, and in some cases surpasses them in characteristics. Yellow berries are especially useful for digestive problems and thyroid diseases.