Stone apricot tree at home
Many of the summer residents, having tasted a particularly tasty and fragrant fruit, would like to plant a seed in order to grow a tree that produces equally wonderful fruits. Unlike many other fruit trees, in the case of apricot, these desires are quite feasible, although not without some risk. Read more about growing apricot from pits at home, read on in the article.
Is it possible to grow apricot at home
If you try to grow a tree from apple seeds, you will eventually grow a wild bird, from which it is impossible to wait for the desired fruit. And from the apricot kernel a completely decent fruit tree grows, which without any vaccinations can fully bear fruit. True, such a plant is not able to completely inherit the wonderful signs of the mother tree.
It turns out a peculiar, but profitable lottery, according to which you can get an apricot that is inferior in terms of condition to parents, but much more often there is a chance to win a prize in the form of an apricot that surpasses the mother plant in all respects
In addition, the reproduction of this fruit by means of a seed has considerable advantages compared to the cultivation of apricot with the help of acquired seedlings, especially brought from other regions. Apricot tree grown from seed is much better adapted to local climatic conditions, to specific soil and other growing conditions.
The ideal result of growing apricot from seed is obtained if the seed comes from fruits of local varieties. If we take planting material from apricot varieties grown to the south, the result is most often deplorable. It is preferable for middle latitudes to use frost-resistant zoned apricot varieties bred for cultivation in the Urals, in Southern Siberia and in the Far East. They are guaranteed to grow successfully and give a good harvest in the middle lane.
The varieties are best suited for this:
- Triumph of the North;
- Chelyabinsk early;
Important! Do not try to grow an apricot tree from seeds obtained from large and juicy imported fruits. To grow seedlings from them in our area will have to make a lot of effort, which in most cases will end in failure.
Selection of planting material
Planting material should be obtained only from ripe or overripe apricots. The pulp should be easily separated from the seeds. If the pulp is poorly separated even in overripe fruits, this indicates a low quality of the plant, giving small and low-quality fruits. The appearance of the apricot fruit can say a lot about the quality of the seed.
In beautiful-looking, with uniform softness and pleasant aroma, the fruits and seeds are of high quality. In turn, the sweet-tasting kernel of the stone also testifies to the sweetness of the fruits that can grow on a tree from such a stone. Planting material with bitter kernels should be discarded. After releasing the seeds from the pulp, they need to be immersed in water. Surfaced instances for landing are unsuitable and rejected.
Apricots are very tolerant to the composition of the soil in which they grow. However, high-quality soil contributes to more comfortable growth and fruiting of trees. For planting in a pot, a universal substrate purchased at specialized retail outlets is best suited. It can also be made with your own hands from:
Did you know? Although apricot is grown everywhere on the planet except Antarctica, most of it is produced in Turkey, Iran, Uzbekistan, Algeria and Italy.
These ingredients are mixed in a ratio of 5: 5: 1. Before planting, the mixture is well moistened with standing warm tap water. However, it is much better to water the soil with rain or melt water heated to room temperature.
Since the apricot root root system is quite long, the appropriate capacity for growing seedlings should be selected. It is best to use a tall flower pot for this purpose, as well as a half-liter plastic cup or a cut-off 1.5-liter plastic bottle.
An indispensable condition in this case is the supply of plastic containers with drainage holes at the bottom. It is also useful to pour a drainage layer of expanded clay or small pebbles to the bottom.
Expanded clay small fraction must be placed on the bottom of the container for apricot
How to plant an apricot kernel
Before planting an apricot kernel in the soil, it must be hardened with low temperatures. This process of stratification of planting material is combined with germination of seeds, as a result of which they are ready for planting in the soil after 3–3.5 months.
Did you know? Mankind enjoys apricot, using not only its gastronomic qualities, but also medicinal, not less than 4 millennia.
To prepare for planting, use as fresh bones as possible, just taken out of the pulp. After checking with water, the bones that sink to the bottom are pulled out and stratified in one of two ways:
- They are placed in a dense paper bag or in a plastic container with ventilation holes, sprinkled with wet sand and kept at a temperature not exceeding + 3 ° С. Periodically, planting material is inspected and in case of the appearance of fungal microflora on it, it is treated with hydrogen peroxide.
- The second method is to place the seed under a 5-cm layer of sand in a container wrapped in plastic film, in which small ventilation holes are made. The optimum stratification temperature is + 2 ° C.
It is better not to bury the grown apricot seeds in the ground, so as not to provoke further decay of the root neck
Stratified and germinated bones are planted in the substrate as follows:
- The substrate is filled in such a way that after its compaction to the edges 2 cm remains.
- Germinated bones are laid on the surface of the substrate with the root down. In this case, only the root is covered with earth in order to avoid decay of the root neck.
- The substrate is moistened, and the container with the seedling is covered with a film to create a greenhouse effect and put in a shaded place.
- The film is periodically lifted to remove condensation from it and for ventilation.
- When the first shoots appear, the film is removed, and the containers with them are placed in a warm place under bright light.
- The optimum growth temperature of apricot sprouts is + 23 ... + 26 ° С.
- Water them as the top layer of the substrate dries.
Video: Apricot kernel sprouting
Transplant to the ground
Usually seedlings are transferred to open ground in the second year after planting the seeds in a pot. This is best done in the spring. Over the summer, the sapling will have time to take root, strengthen well and prepare for wintering. With proper care, apricot trees can grow a meter in height over the summer.
For planting seedlings, dig holes of 70 cm in depth and with the same diameter. If several seedlings are planted, then they must be separated by at least 5 m from each other. The root system of the seedlings, which are straightened and placed in the pit, is covered with a mixture of equal parts of garden soil and humus with the addition of wood ash. After that, the seedling is abundantly watered.
Important! In no case should the root neck be buried in the ground. It should rise above the ground by at least 3 cm.
To maintain optimal temperature and humidity conditions, the soil around the seedling is mulched with:
- chopped peat;
- dry humus;
Trees grown from apricot kernel usually bloom in 3-5 years
Caring for planted plants in a sunny place, protected from near groundwater and strong winds by seedlings is not difficult, but requires accuracy and care when watering and fertilizing fertilizers.
Video: Planting and caring for apricot
Seedlings recently transferred to the open ground must be watered every 3 weeks until the end of August. The next year, the trees are watered twice in the spring and twice in the summer. In this case, one should not forget after each watering or past rain to loosen the soil in the near-stem circle of the seedling. This will provide the root system of the tree with a full supply of oxygen, to which apricots are very sensitive.
An apricot tree recently planted in a well-fertilized pit does not need to be plentifully fed, but a nettle infusion with a small addition of rotted mullein, introduced a couple of times during the summer, will not harm him. The next year, a grown tree needs nitrogen, which is abundant in organic fertilizers, as well as in ammonium nitrate and urea, to grow green mass.
It is useful to feed apricot with these fertilizers during the flowering period. During the period of growth and ripening of the fruit, the tree is fed with potash and phosphorus fertilizers. In autumn, apricot is enough to feed wood ash, the minerals in which make it easier for the wintering tree.
Although growing a tree from the stone of an apricot of your choice is associated with some risk of not getting what you want, still more often gardeners expect a surprise that exceeds expectations. In addition, the fascinating lesson of growing a tree with your own hands is complemented by creativity in the form of selection of vaccinations for the grown apricot, which not only diversify the crop, but also significantly increase it.