Features strawberries varieties Vima Rina
Strawberry, which is able to bear fruit before the onset of frost, unpretentious care, with excellent taste of large fruits - the dream of any summer resident. These characteristics are fully possessed by the Dutch variety Wima Rina. How to grow this culture and achieve a rich harvest of delicious berries is discussed in this article.
Description and characteristics of the variety Vima Rina
Strawberry Vima Rome - one of the sweetest varieties obtained by crossing varieties Vikonda and Wima Zanda. The culture gained popularity due to such qualities as high productivity, excellent taste, resistance to temperature extremes.
Bush and fruits
The culture is a semi-spreading bush with dense foliage of light green color. Leaf plates are not large, shiny, have a convex, ribbed surface, along the edge of the sheet - denticles. Peduncle quite often is on the same level with leaves. Pedicels are long, sprawling, with small white flowers.
Large fruits are cone-shaped, painted red with a glossy sheen. The average weight of the berry is 35–45 g, although larger specimens are often found. The berry flesh is dense, tender, yellowish strawberry seeds are slightly pressed into the flesh. The taste of the fruit is sweet, with a mild acidity. At the same time, the aroma of the berry is very pronounced.
Productivity and ripening dates
The duration of daylight hours and weather conditions do not affect the laying of generative kidneys. New fruit buds of Vima Rina cultivar are laid every 5-6 weeks, berries develop about 2 weeks. Productivity is quite high, from one bush you can collect from 800 to 1200 g of berries. The plant begins to bear fruit at the end of June, and ends with the onset of frost. During the season, you can collect 2–4 berries.
Did you know? The largest strawberry was grown in 1983 by the Englishman Anderson. The weight of the berry was 231 g.
Bushes of garden strawberries Wima Rome tolerate frosts well in open ground, not freezing under the snow cover. Many gardeners cover the bushes for the winter with coniferous spruce branches, creating additional protection against the cold.
Due to the fact that the flowers of this variety are bisexual, Vima Rina's strawberries do not need pollinators. However, high temperatures and hot, hot summers can adversely affect the formation of berries. The reason is simple - due to the high temperature (+ 30 ° C and above), strawberry flower pollen becomes sterile and is not able to pollinate the ovaries.
Advantages and disadvantages of other varieties
- The advantages of this culture include:
- fruiting begins in late June, and stops with the onset of frost;
- one bush is capable of producing a crop of 800 g;
- a plant can grow in the same place for 4 years in a row, and this will in no way affect its yield;
- large berries form on the bushes;
- the variety is resistant to various diseases;
- possesses high frost resistance;
- well tolerates transportation over long distances without loss of marketability and taste of the fruit.
The only drawback of the variety is the insufficient formation of whiskers, which greatly complicates the work of propagating the variety.
The choice of quality seedlings for planting
When choosing planting material, you should pay attention to the external characteristics of the plant:
- the seedling must have at least 3 leaves;
- leaves should have a healthy bright green color;
- leaf plates of the plant must be integral (not damaged, without signs of disease);
- the root system of the plant is fibrous, the length of the roots is about 7 cm.
Strawberry Planting Rules
The growth of strawberries, its development and the taste of the berry itself is affected by the extent to which the rules of planting have been followed.
Important! To preserve the root system of strawberries, it is necessary to choose a place where groundwater does not come close to the top layer of the earth, or build high beds that will not allow excessive moisture, which provokes diseases in the plant itself and spoils the berries.
Strawberries are planted in spring or autumn, given the climatic conditions of a particular region. If in your area in the springtime frosts often return, it is better to postpone the strawberry planting closer to the fall: for the period from August to October.
Seedlings are planted 2 weeks before the expected frost. During these days, strawberries will have time to take root, form flower buds that will begin to develop actively with the onset of spring.The main condition for spring planting is the absence of snow cover, and the soil should warm up to + 10 ° C. Flowering in a young bush begins almost immediately after rooting, but the first peduncles must be cut off in favor of the next crop.
Choosing a place to land
When choosing a place for planting garden strawberries, give preference to well-lit sunny areas, as well as small slopes. It is believed that sites on the south or southwest side that are protected from cold winds will be a good place to land.
Did you know? Australia — the only country that does not grow strawberries due to the ban on the cultivation of imported plants, to preserve the local ecosystem.
The constant presence of a small shadow from buildings or trees on the bed does not affect the formation of ovaries, but the yield, size and taste of the berry will change. Such a berry will not differ in sweetness and large size.
Landing site preparation
Strawberry Vima Rina has a high survival rate, it adapts well not only to weather conditions, but also to different types of soils. A mandatory requirement of a culture to the soil is its nutritional value, it must provide the plant with all the nutrients and minerals necessary for it, which affect the growth and development of the crop, the setting and ripening of berries.
Strawberries are planted according to the traditional pattern, in which the distance between adjacent bushes should be at least 45 cm and 60 cm between rows.
Strawberries are planted as follows:
- Dig holes with a size of 25 × 25 cm.
- If previously no nutrients were introduced into the soil, then they are added directly to the planting pits, thoroughly mixed with the ground.
- Landing holes are well watered.
- Strawberry seedlings are sorted, litter, dried leaves are removed, roots are shortened to 7 cm.
- The bushes are placed in the holes, falling asleep with soil and making sure that the core of the plant is above the ground.
- Seal the soil around the trunk circles.
- Seedlings are watered, while it is important to prevent water from entering the core of the plant.
- Mulch the beds using straw, peat or sawdust. These works are carried out with the aim of preserving moisture in the ground and better rooting of the plant.
Strawberry Care Features
Strawberry Vima Rina requires certain care work, but having created all the necessary conditions for her, she will please you with a good harvest.
Watering a plant
The first irrigation is carried out in the third decade of April on a warm, warm day with standing water. In the period from May to the end of June, at least 7 waterings should be made. If the beds with strawberries are not mulled, then after each irrigation it is necessary to loosen, providing the roots of the plant with an influx of oxygen. In the period from August to September, watering is carried out 1 time in 2 weeks.
Important! Seedlings that have been planted in the springtime require frequent watering - 3 times a week, and if there are hot days - daily.
Fertilizing is necessary for culture, especially from the second year of development.Large bushes, which constantly bear fruit, quickly take all the nutrients from the ground, so they need to be added.
The procedure for applying dressing:
- After the snow falls, nitrogen is added to the strawberry beds. It can be found in both mineral and organic fertilizers.
- While laying ovaries spray the bushes with a nutrient solution (10 l of water, 2 g of manganese, 2 g of boron, 2 g of zinc).
- At the end of fruiting the beds are enriched with phosphorus-potash mineral fertilizers.
Weeding and removing weeds
It is advisable to remove weeds even before planting strawberries - when preparing a site for strawberry beds. To get a decent crop, you must constantly ensure that while the strawberry bush grows green mass and throws flower stalks, the soil is clean, without weeds.
The second weeding is carried out before the end of flowering, weeding out only tall herbs that can drown or obscure the culture. Small grass under the bushes can not be weeded out, but the weeds between the bushes are necessarily and fully weeded out.
Diseases and Pests
Strawberry Vima Rina is highly immune to various diseases, but in case of adverse climatic conditions or non-compliance with agricultural regulations, such diseases can occur:
- White spotting - small white spots with a dark border that cover the leaves, petioles and peduncles, and eventually the whole plant, which leads to its death. An iodine solution (50 ml of iodine per 10 l of water), Bordeaux mixture or copper chloride can serve as a way to combat white spotting. Strawberry bushes affected by this disease must be removed from the garden and disposed of. In order to prevent the onset of the disease, it is necessary to periodically carry out sanitary crop pruning, removing dried leaves, berries, flower stalks, and also monitor the level of moisture.
- Gray rot - a fluff of gray color envelops the fruits of strawberries, which leads to their decay. Rot spores easily spread around, affecting neighboring, healthy plants. This disease can affect up to 90% of the crop. To combat this disease using drugs "Tiram" or "Fuclazin", pollinated with ash. Affected fruits must be destroyed so as not to spread the disease throughout the planting. In order to prevent the occurrence of the disease, it is necessary to follow agrotechnical recommendations - do not thicken the planting (there should be ventilation of the bushes), do not get carried away with nitrogen fertilizers, mulch the beds, and when the disease appears, stop watering.
- Powdery mildew - this disease appears with high humidity (insufficient ventilation of the plant), covering the leaves with a whitish coating, which then change color to purple and curl. Flowers are poorly pollinated, berries grow with deformation, the taste of fruits spoils. Powdery mildew will help to fight: solution of copper sulfate with the addition of laundry soap (20 g of each product per 10 liters of water), industrial preparations "Topaz" or "Azocene".
In addition to diseases, such pests can penetrate the strawberry bed:
- Snails - threaten the fruits of varying degrees of ripeness by making holes in the pulp of the fruit. To control these pests, you can pollinate the area with ash. Prevention is the mulching of strawberry beds with sawdust, needles or straw.
- Strawberry mite - acts on the leaves of the plant, piercing them and sucking juices with nutrients, as a result of which the leaves die off. The bush stops in growth and development. To combat this pest, you can use the drug "Bitoxibacillin", as well as apply spraying with a solution of colloidal sulfur. Prevention - watering strawberry bushes with hot water (heated to + 70 ° C).The main signs of the presence of strawberry tick.
Harvesting and storage
For harvesting, morning hours are best suited (as soon as the dew that has fallen during the night dries) or evening hours (as soon as the berries have cooled off from the summer heat, they will become cool to the touch). Gather strawberries in containers, laying in a small layer: so the berry will not be remembered and will not flow. A strawberry plucked from a stalk will retain its shape longer.
Berries can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 5 days without losing their taste. Strawberry Vima Rina is suitable for freezing, making fruit salads, jams, pastille, stewed fruit and jelly. Observing the simple rules for the care of Vima Rina strawberries, you can achieve excellent results and enjoy sweet berries before the onset of cold weather.