Growing strawberries in bags at home
An intensive crop production system becomes a generally accepted method for growing fruit crops every year. Thanks to this, most farmers double the productivity of the beds, as well as receive a high-quality and healthy crop. One of the elements of this system is the cultivation of strawberries in bags. Next, it will be considered in detail what is needed for growing fragrant berries.
Is it possible to grow strawberries in bags
Planting bags are containers made of dense polyethylene, filled with a nutrient substrate for plants. On the sides of such a capacity there are often alternate openings in which plants are planted.
This method of growing fruit crops is one of the most popular in the private sector, because it allows you to get maximum yields with minimal expenditure of resources and soil almost all year round.
This technique is especially popular among strawberry lovers, because it allows you to grow aromatic berries throughout the year. This is achieved due to the ability to suspend the bags in a horizontal plane, which allows you to create even in a small space several tiers of strawberry bushes.
However, often, especially among beginning gardeners, the cultivation of berries in bags does not end well. This is explained by the rather complex and monotonous living conditions that are observed when growing a crop in a closed environment, therefore only precocious and unpretentious varieties are able to do this, able to grow quickly and produce berries over several cycles.
The following strawberry varieties possess this property:
- Queen Elizabeth II;
- San Andreas;
Did you know? Strawberry was domesticated in Italy in 2–3 tbsp. BC e., however, it gained popularity and recognition only in the XVI century. From this moment, it is customary to count the modern history of the plant.
Features and disadvantages of growing strawberries in bags
In recent years, strawberry cultivation has become one of the most sought-after agricultural sectors. It is no secret that most farms and private plant growers have achieved this through the cultivation of berries in bags.
However, before you start planting bushes, you must definitely get acquainted with some of the features of the method. In most cases, this avoids fatal errors, and with this the low productivity of plantations, as well as the death of plants.
When planting strawberries in bags, it must be remembered that the lack of maximum contact with the natural environment negatively affects the immunity of plants. This phenomenon often leads to a lack of resistance of the bushes to a variety of viruses, bacteria and fungi, which always leads to complex infections. That is why such a strawberry necessarily needs more painstaking care.
It should also be remembered that the technology involves the cultivation of a narrow list of varieties. Moreover, such plants require artificial pollination and a more intensive feeding system, on which their productivity often depends. All this increases the total labor costs for planting care and the total cost of the crop.
- In this case, the cultivation of berries in bags makes it possible:
- receive high-quality and full-fledged crops throughout the year;
- to grow high-quality and laid berries;
- fully satisfy the individual demand for berries, even in the off-season;
- create the most optimal conditions for plants to grow and develop.
Methods and technologies for growing strawberries in bags at home
At home, bagged berries are most often grown in two ways: in greenhouses or in an open environment. Each of them has its own advantages and disadvantages, while they provide an opportunity to get a better and richer crop than the traditional way of plant cultivation.
In the greenhouse
The greenhouse is an ideal place to grow strawberries. It makes it possible to create better conditions for plants and, if necessary, adjust the microclimate inside the structure. When cultivated in bags, the greenhouse can be equipped both on open soil and on a solid foundation.
Important! Strawberries need nutritious, slightly acidified substrates. A mixture of equal parts of perlite and peat is best suited for this.
Tanks for soil are placed both horizontally, over the entire area of the structure, and vertically, in limbo. In the first case, for the convenience of care, you will need special tables or other structures that allow you to arrange the bushes in several cascades, throughout the entire area.
In the second case, the bags are attached above the surface of the floor of the structure, which makes it possible to grow berries along with other crops. Often, a drip irrigation system is brought to each bag, from which moisture and necessary nutrients enter the soil.
In the end result, such a system can increase overall profitability. Bags allow you to place the maximum amount of soil under the dome of the structure for successful plant growth. In addition, the system makes it possible to regularly change the substrate before planting seedlings. This best protects seedlings from characteristic diseases and infertile soil.
Video: Strawberries in bags in a greenhouse
In the open ground
Most often, the berry is cultivated in the open air, the bags, in turn, help to avoid a shortage of free space and get an excellent harvest. They can be located everywhere: on special supports or other structures, as well as directly on the ground. In the latter case, this is especially clearly observed in areas with poor or unsuitable soil for strawberries.
Important! Bags with strawberries should be evenly spaced, while adjacent structures should not shade each other.
Often the bags are placed in limbo. In this case, they can be fixed in the outer part of the veranda or canopy, as well as along the garden house. Often they can be seen on special stands, in which case they create unique rows of bags that cascade one above the other.
This allows you to increase the number of fruit-bearing plants by 1 m² 3-4 times, due to which the rate of planting productivity is also significantly increased.
The technology for strawberry irrigation in plastic bags:1 - bag; 2 - the ends of droppers; 3 - nozzle; 4 - distribution pipeline.
Further Strawberry Care
Bushes developing in closed soil require standard care measures. Despite the unique growing technology, such plants often do not require specific measures to ensure growth and fruiting.
At the same time, the following recommendations should be followed:
- Plantings require regular watering, while the substrate should not dry out or be oversaturated with water. Drip irrigation is best suited for this, with a calculation of 2 liters of water / capacity / day.
- Plants must necessarily be well lit, especially during the period of active growth. They are located on the most lit side. If the strawberry begins to stretch, it must be highlighted with garden lamps.
- The optimum temperature regime for growing crops is considered to be the range +18 ... + 22 ° С.
- To obtain abundant crops and large berries, plants need a high content of carbon dioxide. It can only be adjusted in a greenhouse or other enclosed conditions. To do this, periodically burn candles in the room.
- When using a quality substrate, plants require only one top dressing. To do this, moisten the soil with a solution of potassium nitrate at the rate of 20 g / 10 l of water.
- During flowering, the berry needs to be pollinated. To do this, a small brush should alternately transfer the pollen from some bushes to others.
Gardeners know many technologies for growing fruit crops, while cultivating plants in bags is considered one of the most popular. This technique allows you to get aromatic berries in almost any environment, with a minimum expenditure of resources and area.