Characteristics and rules for growing apricot Black Prince
Black apricot arose as a result of the random crossing of an ordinary apricot and cherry plum. Such a plant aroused the interest of breeders and now there is already more than one variety of this type. Some of them have a sufficiently high winter hardiness to be grown not only in the southern regions. This is the prince apricot Black Prince.
History of Black Prince Variety Selection and Apricot Variety Characteristics
Apricot variety Black Prince was obtained at the Artyomovskaya experimental nursery station (Ukraine, Donetsk region) and is currently popular in different regions of the Russian Federation.
This fruit tree does not grow more than 4 m in height. It has a slightly thickened crown and compact dimensions. Over time, the branches become covered with rare spines. The bark has a dark green tint. The plant blooms in spring with small, pinkish flowers.
Fruits - round-oval in shape, grow large, on average 50–60 g, but can reach (southern territories) and 80–90 g. Apricots have dark burgundy sometimes almost brown skin and bright, somewhat loose, red-orange flesh. A small bone is separable, but “catches” a little pulp. The taste is sweet and sour, with light astringency, more similar to the taste of cherry plum.
Did you know? In the world n20 types of apricot are counted, and black apricot among them is considered the rarest.
Drought resistance, frost resistance
This apricot variety has high winter hardiness. It is able to tolerate low temperatures up to -30 ° C, has good reducing abilities. The late flowering of the Black Prince allows him to avoid the detrimental effects of return frosts. The tree does not tolerate drought very well.
The black prince possesses self-fertility, that is, it can tie fruit without the presence of other varieties. However, the presence of another pollinator variety favorably affects the number of fruits. It can be pollinated with apricot, plum, turn or cherry plum.
Video: Apricot varieties Black Prince
Productivity, resistance to diseases and pests
Is an early variety and bears fruit for the first time already in the second year from planting. Fruits annually. A crop of 25–35 kg is harvested from an adult tree. The Black Prince is highly resistant to fungal diseases, is practically not affected by moniliosis, klyasterosporiosis and cytosporiosis. Aphids do not like him.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Black apricot in itself is an interesting and unusual fruit crop, looks beautiful when flowering. The compact size of the Black Prince variety and its self-fertility can arouse interest among owners of small plots.
- Its advantages include the following:
- lack of need for pollinators;
- winter hardiness and the ability to "get away" from return frosts;
- stable and high productivity;
- unusual for apricot, but pleasant taste;
- large-fruited is the largest variety among their own kind;
- disease resistance;
- universality of the use of fruits;
- unpretentiousness in relation to the composition of the soil.
- ripened fruits are poorly transported, begin to become cracked and bleed out with juice;
- shedding of ripe and ripened fruits;
- poor storage ability.
Rules for planting apricot seedlings Black Prince
This variety does not have high requirements for the place of growth, but some conditions should be observed.
Timing and seat selection
In a warm climate, apricot seedlings are planted in the spring, before the buds open, and in the fall - a month before the onset of frost. In cold areas, spring planting should be preferred.In the southern regions, the variety shows maximum large-fruited. It can be grown even in the Urals and Siberia, but there should be responsible for the wintering of the variety and its protection from frost. It is better for a black prince to avoid a too rainy climate.
Did you know? Black apricots contribute to the elimination of sputum, help with constipation, are useful in metabolic disorders. They make delicious pastille.
The best soils are well-permeable fertile soils with a slightly alkaline reaction, but, in general, the variety is unpretentious to the quality of the land. Acidic soil should be liming ahead of time. The variety will perfectly tolerate the neighborhood of plums, cherry plum or thorns. Under one seedling you will need to allocate 5 m² of land area.
Video: Apricot Planting Instructions
Preparing the site and seedlings for planting
The landing pit should be dug up and prepared ahead of time. Best of all - in the fall. They dig it with a diameter of 80 cm and the same depth. The topsoil is immediately laid in a separate pile. Peat, 1.5–2 kg of ash are added to it. Organics from rotted manure or compost can be added only on very poor soils, since this variety does not respond well to an excess of fertilizer. Sand is added to the dense clay soil, and at the bottom of the pit, a drainage layer is made of crushed stone or broken brick. If necessary, lime the soil.
Seedlings should be bought at a nursery or from a seller with a good reputation. Before planting, a young plant is recommended to be soaked for 24 hours in water with the addition of a growth stimulant to the water.
Important! When planting black apricot, make sure that the root neck is 3-5 cm above ground level. With an overstated planting, the roots will be exposed, and deepening can cause subsequent death of the tree.
The process of planting young seedlings
Black prince apricot planted as follows:
- A tree is trying on a dug hole. Then at its bottom a mound is made of a prepared mixture of the required height.
- A stake is installed in the pit to support the tree.
- The seedling is set in the middle of the knoll, the roots are straightened and gently covered with soil, which is compacted so that there are no voids around the rhizome.
- Apricot tied to a stake.
- Around the tree make a near-stem circle, and watered abundantly. It is recommended to mulch the soil from above.
Apricot Care Rules
Variety Black Prince refers to unpretentious species. How to care for him is described below.
Prevention and protection against pests and diseases
This apricot is affected by disease only under adverse conditions (rainy weather). To avoid this, it is enough to take simple preventive measures:
- collection and disposal of fallen fruits and leaves;
- weed control;
- processing of slices when trimming garden varieties;
- preventive spraying in spring with 2% Bordeaux fluid.
From pests (weevils, scale insects, codling moth) insecticides like "Aktara", "Iskra-Bio", "Tanrek", "Confidor" will help. Fans of organic farming can use garlic-soap solution. For its preparation, garlic, laundry soap are ground and insisted in water in a ratio of 1: 1: 3. Then the resulting product is filtered and used for spraying.
The variety does not like waterlogging, but lack of moisture also does not tolerate very well. Therefore, you need to water it regularly and often, but to dose and take into account the periods. During the spring growing season he needs moderate watering. In the summer, a month before harvesting, moisturizing is done less often, and in the fall it is greatly reduced.
Did you know? Images of apricot 6 thousand years old were found in drawings found in Armenia.
When watering, you should focus on climatic conditions and weather in the region.During the rainy period, watering stops and more often the soil is loosened to evaporate excess moisture, and in arid regions, in the autumn they make water-charging irrigation.
Apricot Black Prince does not like excess nitrogen, therefore no need to get involved in organic matter and nitrogen-containing fertilizers. The first two years it does not fertilize. Subsequent years, in the spring, give very moderately organic or complex fertilizer with nitrogen at the rate of 35 g / 1 m². During setting and fruit growth, you should feed with potassium salt - 15 g / 10 l of water. You can make ash, as it also contains a lot of this element.
Cropping and shaping the crown
Apricot Black Prince independently grows a rather rare crown as he grows, so there is no particular need for constant pruning. It is convenient to form branches in the form of a bush at the level of human growth, as this facilitates the process of leaving. You can give the tree a cup-shaped or other tiered shape of the crown.
Forming pruning is carried out in early spring, before sap flow.. For this, the seedling is shortened by 1/3 and all vertical shoots are removed. As you grow, by trimming, adjust the height of the tree by trimming the conductor and branches growing up. This allows the fruit to form on the lateral branches, which is much more convenient for collecting apricots.
If necessary, do sanitary pruning of dry, broken and diseased branches. For these purposes, their removal is carried out not only in the spring, but also in the fall, before the cold.
The Black Prince's tree needs to be helped to survive the cold, especially in harsh winters. To do this, first clean the trunk circle and cover it with a thick layer of mulch. Then, the lower part of the trunk is whitened with a solution of slaked lime, in which it is recommended to add copper sulfate. A mound of about 30 cm is poured near the trunk. Young seedlings should be completely covered with cardboard boxes or wrapped in burlap, spanbond.
Important! For protection it is necessary to use breathable materials, otherwise the apricot may begin to rot, which will lead to the inevitable death of the plant.
Harvesting and storage
It is necessary to collect fruits 2-3 days before full ripening, since fully ripened fruits are poorly stored and transported, and also begin to crumble. Having crashed during a fall, they are unsuitable for long-term storage in the open air and without heat treatment. In a slightly unripe apricot of the Black Prince variety, the seed is better separated. The fruits are tasty in fresh form, but their excess is better to use for preservation, as they are poorly stored. They make excellent compotes, jam, jam, juice and pastille.
Video: Apricot Black Prince
Apricot Black Prince - an unpretentious variety that is resistant to disease and low temperatures, is perfect for cultivation in areas with return frosts. He does not like stagnation of water and waterlogging, an excess of fertilizers. The variety is self-fertile and is perfect for small sites.