Design features of the double-hive hive
The most effective way to increase apiary productivity is to use double hive hives. Using them, you can significantly reduce the likelihood of swarming and easily prepare a bee swarm for wintering. They are also easy to build, and if Dadanov hives are available, then half of the work has already been done, it is enough to build only the second floor.
Double hive hive
On most large apiaries, double-hive hives are used. In such houses, bees can work as productively as possible, quickly increase the strength of the family and give a large amount of sweet product.
Perhaps the most important requirement for successful beekeeping is a strong family. And a two-hive hive can be of great help in creating such a family.
- Its main advantages are:
- The ability to plant an additional uterus. Two layers of the hive are separated, and two uterus more quickly increase the strength of the family, and before the most important collection of honey, the septum is removed.
- The possibility of using a separation grid, which allows the beekeeper to control insects as much as possible. So the beekeeper always knows where the uterus is located, can select frames with young brood, as well as make insects collect honey in frames specially selected for this (for example, for wintering).
- If there is a small layering, you can install a nucleus with an additional uterus for a more comfortable wintering. At the same time, the hive bodies are separated.
- Since there is more free space in the double-hive hive, the chance of starting bee swarming is reduced.
- In the presence of simple Dadanov hives they can easily be converted into two-hulls, you just need to make an additional tier, and their dimensions are identical.
The double-hive hive has many advantages. In addition, the vertical content of the bee family is more physiological and comfortable, and it is in this way that the correct bee driving system can be ensured.
Most important inconveniencethat beekeepers having such hives will have to face is their weight. More precisely, the weight of the upper tier. The weight of one filled Dadanovskaya frame is 3.7 kg, and there are 12 of them in the house. Also do not forget about the weight of the module itself. It turns out quite impressive. For a more comfortable operation of such houses, you need another additional device. With its help, the hive can not be raised, but simply shifted.
The use of such a design somewhat simplifies the work of the beekeeper. With such a device you can not worry about the stand for the tier, and the contents of both tiers are also clearly visible, this is an additional convenience when moving the frames.
It often happens that the bees glued the bodies together, so before moving the top one sometimes has to work with a chisel, which can also be attributed to the minuses.
Bee keeping technology
There are many technologies for keeping bees in two-story hives, all of them are very different, and each beekeeper chooses the most optimal one for himself, depending on the desired result and the existing conditions.
Important! It is also very important that you approach the choice of the place where the apiary will be located. This should be an area with rich vegetation, located as far as possible from water bodies, as they reduce the area of honey. So the bees will work as efficiently as possible.
With the most common method - two-housing - the bee family after the wintering is fully developed at the lower level.When the number of insects reaches the number that they occupy almost all the frames (11-12 pcs.), While 8 of them are brood, put the top floor. Three brood frames move upstairs and surround them with food frames. After the permutation, we get 5 frames on top and 8–9 on the bottom. The upper frames must be placed above the lower ones. The gap between the lower frames, which is not covered by the upper ones, is covered with wooden planks. After the extreme frames, wooden boards are placed, and behind them a heater (for example, pillows).
After a week, inspect the nest. Also in the process of growth, it is supplemented with wax. When the entire second building is filled, the missing 3-4 frames are rearranged from it to the lower one, and the upper building is again filled to the main bribe. In practice, each beekeeper simplifies the system somewhat depending on the existing conditions.
A dividing grid is necessary in order to prevent the uterus from drones or to restrict their access to a specific part of the hive. Simple working insects can easily move through the grate, but the uterus and drones cannot do this. The thing is that the uterus and drones are much larger than the holes of the lattice.
So, using the lattice, the beekeeper can be sure that the bees will not fill the lower frames with feathers, and the uterus will lay eggs only in certain places. That is, insects will work to obtain honey, and not for the production of drones.
Did you know? Bees are the only insects that produce food that people can eat.
A simplified way of keeping two bees
With this method, only one, sometimes two frames with brood of different ages are installed in the upper house, and on each side of this frame one frame with bee bread and honey is set. The lower level is filled with frames with wax.
Periodically, a wax is substituted for the brood frame. And the uterus moves to a new nest and begins oviposition in new cells. Thus, insects are constantly busy building on a new framework, the number of which is constantly increasing. Using this content you can almost completely avoid swarming.
Did you know? The composition of human blood includes 24 trace elements, 22 of which are in honey. Also, honey is rich in vitamins of group B, C, K, folic acid, chlorine, zinc. It contains such important elements for the body as boron, chromium, tin, titanium, osmium.
Connection layering with the main family
In the case of late honey gathering in the Moscow Region and, consequently, a prolonged increase in the family, a situation may arise when many young bees appear in the hive, and there is no longer room for a new framework to provide them with work. A similar situation threatens the beginning of swarming. To avoid this, part of the brood is taken from the hive and used to create a temporary lay.
A young uterus is planted on a new lay. A house with a layer is erected on top of the main hive, only they have it in the summer in the opposite direction.
These two families connect to the main medical collection:
- First of all, it is necessary to put off the old uterus in order to avoid the destruction of both;
- then the dead bottom is removed, and it is necessary to mix the frames, placing them so that the bottom has cells with an open brood, and the top of the brood must be sealed;
- on the case it is necessary to install a store nozzle with empty honeycombs for honey.
If you follow all the instructions, you can significantly increase the family and get as a result much more honey.
Video: An easy way to combine bees
Beekeeping rules in double-hive hives
The most important rule in case of double-shell insects is the timely setting of the second tier. This should be done only when the bees fill at least 11 streets, and no later than a month before the main honey collection. This will prevent the unemployment of insects (and therefore the swarm state), while there will be enough time for the insects to build up a second tier before the honey collection begins.
Important! If the second floor is set too early, this can lead to hypothermia of the family, especially in the event of sudden frosts.
Tips from experienced beekeepers
It is always difficult for a beginning beekeeper to cope with various difficulties that arise in the process of working with honey insects. And even among experienced beekeepers who previously contained bees in dadan, some questions may appear:
- Setting the second case, if the insects have already laid queen cells, does not make sense. Also, the destruction of mother cells will not give any results, the bees will no longer be engaged in detuning. If the mother liquors have already appeared, the family must be given the opportunity to go through the state of swarming.
- It is worth taking care of a special device for shifting the upper tier before this tier needs to be removed.
- Before starting the main honey collection, it is necessary to regroup the cells. All open brood frames are left on the lower tier, and a printed one on top. Understaff the whole hive with rebuilt honeycombs.
- Immediately after the honey collection is over, the second building must be removed. If the family is too big, then you can take a little time with this.
- For the winter, insects are left without a top floor.
- On average, about 37 kg of sweet product can be collected from one double-hive hive, while only 25 kg from a single-hive hive.
There are too many nuances, and for a more detailed acquaintance with them it is worth referring to special directories. If you properly organize care for the bee family, then the apiary will not require a lot of attention. The double-shell insect content can be very productive. Insects in such hives bring more sweet products, and families have a large number, but work with such houses is slightly more. Such beekeeping is most suitable for large apiaries and larger-scale production of honey.