Features of the cultivation and care of peaches Big Hani
Big Hani - an unusually delicious variety of peaches. Many gardeners pay attention to this variety. However, in order to grow plants and harvest a healthy crop, it is necessary to take into account the agronomic nuances. Read more about the proper planting and growing of trees in the article.
Description and characteristics of the variety
The variety is distinguished by strong-growing trees up to 3-5 m high. Crohn is of medium diameter. The bark is brown, shoots are more green in color. Leaves of a standard lanceolate form for a peach tree.
Did you know? The world leaders in peach production are China, Italy and the USA.
Fruits grow medium in size. The approximate weight of one specimen is 170–200 g. The peel is yellow in color with a pronounced blush, pubescence is practically absent. The pulp is yellow with an orange tint, juicy and dense in consistency. Separation of the bone is poor. The taste of fruit is sweet with a honey flavor.
A distinctive varietal characteristic of Big Hanie dogs is immunity to kinkiness and powdery mildew. Frost resistance is also high. Trees withstand frosts down to –30 ° С.
Technical ripeness of peaches begins in early August. The average yield per tree is 30 kg. Fruit transportability is highest in the first 5 days after harvest
Advantages and disadvantages
- The Big Hani peach variety has many advantages:
- high productivity;
- frost resistance up to –30С °;
- immunity to curly and powdery mildew;
- excellent transportability in the first 5 days after harvesting;
- for ripening the crop, it is not necessary to plant pollinators;
- high palatability, very sweet taste.
- However, gardeners distinguish several disadvantages of the variety:
- poor separability of the bone from the pulp;
- although fruits will be planted without pollinators, for high yields, peaches should be planted nearby with a similar fruiting period;
- Care must be taken to form a crown.
Rules and landing technology
Landing must be carried out in the time indicated by varietal characteristics. Before planting, gardeners pay attention to preparing the site, choosing a seedling and its preplant planting. The procedure itself is carried out strictly according to technology.
Did you know? The ancient Roman name for peach is “malum persicum”. Translated from Latin, it means "Persian apple."
Agronomists call two periods when you can plant Big Hani peaches:
- from March to May;
- from August to November.
A convenient time picker is selected by the gardener, based on the climate and weather conditions.
Loosen the soil before digging the landing pit. Next, dig a hole with a diameter and depth of 0.6 m. Divide the earth from the pit into two parts, discarding the soil from the lower layer on one side and the upper layer on the other.
The substrate from the top layer of the pit is mixed with a compost bucket, 300 g of superphosphate and 125 g of potassium sulfate. The resulting nutrient mixture is poured onto the bottom of the landing pit and a mound is formed from it.
Selection of seedlings
For planting, select seedlings aged 1-2 years. The trunks should be flat, with several branches and buds. Inspect the root system before purchasing. Quality score - a lot of whole roots.
Important! It is better to buy seedlings in a specialized nursery. Registered sellers attach a quality certificate to the product.
Before planting, seedlings are inspected for damage. Whole quality trees are soaked in water for 2-3 days before planting, immersing them in a third.
Step-by-step landing process
Plant a peach tree using the following technology:
- Drive a wooden stake into the center of the pit.
- Place a seedling near the stake.
- Spread the roots on the hill.
- Fill the pit with soil.
- Pour the seedling under the trunk.
Care for Big Hani varieties includes crown formation, watering, top dressing, planting pollinators and preparing for the winter season.
Crown Big Hani, like other peaches, in the first 3 years is formed in a cup shape. The central conductor should have a lower tier of 4-5 skeletal branches with a distance of 20–25 cm between them.
In the future, sanitary pruning is carried out annually in the spring. Her goal is to unleash the crown. As part of sanitary pruning, extra branches are removed:
- growing inward to the trunk;
- fatty (tops).
Trees are watered 5-6 times during the growing season. Irrigate the trunk circle as necessary. At a time, 2–5 buckets of water are poured under the trunk. The older and larger the tree, the more moisture it needs.
Important! The last watering is carried out 3 weeks before the expected ripening of the crop.
Fertilizers and pollinators
Gardeners advise fertilizing peach trees according to the following scheme:
- In the spring before the start of the growing season. Treat the plant with a 7% urea solution.
- In summer, during ripening. Spray the peach with a solution of 10 l of water and 30 g of potassium salt.
- In the fall when digging a near-trunk circle. Add 40 g of superphosphate and 50 g of potassium chloride to the soil per 1 m².
Once every 2-3 years in the fall, instead of superphosphate and potassium chloride, fertilizing from the compost or humus is introduced into the soil.
The variety is partially self-fertile. Fruiting is possible without pollinators, however, for better yield, it is recommended to plant seedlings next to peach trees of the same flowering and fruiting dates. An excellent exit would be to plant a variety of White Swan peaches nearby.
In regions where frosts do not fall below –30 ° C in winter, trees can not be covered. It is advisable for gardeners in the northern regions to prepare the tree for the winter season. Preparation is carried out as follows:
- Whitewash the trunk.
- Dig a trunk circle.
- Lay around the tree mulch of sawdust or fallen leaves.
- Wind the barrel with agrofibre or burlap.
Diseases and Pests
Big Hani variety is highly resistant to curly leaves and powdery mildew. Other diseases and pests for trees are dangerous.
From diseases, plants can affect:
For the treatment of these diseases using the drug "Chorus". The tool is used according to the instructions.
Pests can also attack trees. Of the most dangerous:
To remove parasites, experienced gardeners recommend spraying plants with insecticides. An excellent effect is exerted by the preparations “Karbofos” and “Actellik”.
The farming technique for growing Big Hani varieties is quite simple. Following simple rules, the gardener will definitely be able to grow healthy plants and collect a delicious ripe crop.
Network user reviews
My parents had a Big Hani peach for several years. They bought a seedling. They were immediately advised to buy two seedlings, since this is necessary for pollination. So they did. I can say that this peach variety is less likely to be sick than other varieties. At least, nasty curl foliage struck less often. This variety is also more resistant to frosts, but at the same time, the peach froze when the temperature was below twenty degrees for several hours (and the characteristic indicates that it tolerates thirty degrees below zero well). So I strongly doubt that the Big Hani peach will grow in the suburbs or in the Urals. Still in the south, frosts sometimes return during the flowering period of the peach. And then the crop does not have to wait - the flowers fall, the ovary does not form. And with a strong wind the same thing happens. And the fruits are beautiful, with a red blush, and very tasty - two hundred grams in weight, sweet with almost no noticeable sourness. What I don’t really like is that the bone does not separate well from ripe fruits.