Rules for planting and care of strawberries Vicoda
If strawberries are considered the queen of berries, then among other strawberries, Vicoda is also considered noble. The solid height of the bushes, the impressive appearance of the fruits, their memorable taste, the ability to adapt to various climatic conditions makes this variety popular among gardeners. Read more about Strawberry Vicoda in the article below.
Description and characteristics of the variety
In addition to the above features, this Dutch strawberry variety is also characterized by late ripening, becoming the final chord in the strawberry season and completing it with a rich harvest of large berries.
Did you know? A person who has eaten only 100 g of strawberries fulfills an almost daily norm for supplying his body with ascorbic acid (vitamin C).
Tall and lush bushes of the plant bear large foliage of a pale green color with a corrugated surface and serrated edges on not very long petioles, as well as strong peduncles that can withstand large fruits. Mustaches of pale red bushes release a little. White flowers of male and female types are not subject to twisting. The yield of 1 bush per season reaches 1 kg.
The mass of ripe berries varies between 30 and 120 g. Such a wide variation is explained by the fact that the first fruits on the bush are larger, whose weight averages 70 g, but sometimes reaches 120 g, and during the mass harvest of berries, the average weight of the harvested fruits drops to 30 g.The shape of the dark red berries of the Vicoda variety is also very diverse, being in the form of a cone, and in the form of a barrel, and in the form of a comb, as well as being distinguished by ribbing and flattening. The flesh of the berries is dense, tender, colored red and filled with sweetness. Experts estimate the taste of this strawberry at only 4.1 points out of 5 possible, but many consumers like the little astringency of the berries and their weak but perceptible cherry finish.
Advantages and disadvantages
- The obvious advantages of this strawberry variety include:
- high productivity;
- cold resistance, which allows the bushes not to freeze out even with insufficient shelter for the winter;
- high adaptive abilities of the variety, allowing to adapt to various climatic conditions;
- universality of the use of berries;
- the density of their pulp, despite the large size of the fruit;
- good transportability;
- resistance to most strawberry diseases.
- Among the minor flaws are:
- the need for allocation of areas larger than those required for other strawberry varieties for growing Vicoda;
- decrease in the density of pulp and taste of berries under the influence of hot weather.
Features of planting strawberries
With the exception of the requirement for more space for cultivating Vicoda, otherwise planting it is practically no different from planting other strawberry varieties.
Site selection and preparation
For planting strawberries, it is preferable to choose chernozem, light loamy or forest gray soils with an acidity pH of between 2.7 and 6.2. In this case, the occurrence of groundwater should be no closer than 0.8 m from the surface of the earth.
This plant feels best on soils where it was previously grown:
- cereal crops;
Important! It is extremely undesirable to plant strawberries on clay soil.
For spring planting, the soil is dug up with the introduction of organic fertilizers into it since the fall. During summer and autumn plantings, the soil is prepared at least a month before planting so that the earth has time to settle, and thus the roots of seedlings will avoid exposure.
How and when to plant
In spring, strawberry bushes are usually planted from late April to early May, provided that the soil is already sufficiently warm. Autumn planting is done no later than a month before the expected frost, which allows strawberries to successfully root and adapt to a new place of growth.
Important! Vicoda strawberries must be planted in the ground on a warm, but cloudy day, because in sunny weather this strawberry is difficult to take root.
- On the selected and prepared site, holes are formed in the form of rows, the distance between which is 60 cm. The distance between the holes is set to 50 cm.
- On the recommendation of experienced gardeners, it is useful to shorten the root system of this variety to a length of not more than 6 cm, which accelerates the development of lateral root shoots.
- Water is poured into the wells, after which the roots of the seedlings are placed, which are sprinkled with soil in such a way that the root neck with the growth point is above the ground. To get a good crop, experienced gardeners recommend planting 2 seedlings in one hole at once, since co-growth activates the development of the root system of both seedlings.
- The load is compacted and moistened.
- To maintain optimal temperature and humidity conditions in the root system of seedlings, the soil is mulched with the help of dry humus, chopped peat, straw or sawdust.
Care for this crop
This strawberry variety does not require extraordinary efforts to care for it, but it is nevertheless necessary to follow certain agrotechnical rules.
Strawberries love moisture, so the soil in places where the crop sprouts should be constantly moistened. In the spring, when the soil has not yet had time to dry, it is enough to water the bushes once a week.During flowering and fruiting, the frequency of irrigation is increased to 3 times a week. In autumn, watering intensity is limited to 2 times before the onset of stable cold weather. Irrigation is carried out by necessarily warm, settled water.
Did you know? Currently, more than 300 types of strawberries are grown on the planet, among which there are varieties with completely white fruits, which do not differ in their taste and useful qualities from the usual red ones.
If the propagation of strawberry bushes is not expected, the extra mustache is removed with sharp clippers throughout the growing season. Otherwise, a large harvest cannot be expected, since the nutrients from the mother plant will be used mainly not for berry growth, but for the development of whiskers. In autumn, in addition to mustaches, old leaves are also cut off.
Strawberries are intolerant of the presence of weeds near them. Therefore, during the growing season, it is necessary to weed the beds with the plant, combining this process with loosening the soil. In addition, loosening is necessary after each rain or watering. This prevents the formation of a crust on the surface of the soil that impedes the normal air exchange of the strawberry root system.
During the season, strawberry bushes are repeatedly fed with fertilizers, which happens:
- in spring after warming the soil to the required depth;
- with the beginning of flowering;
- during the formation of ovaries;
- after the crop is harvested.
In the autumn, before the onset of cold weather, it is first necessary to check the condition of the roots, which should not protrude above the ground. So that in winter they do not freeze, they should be covered with earth. Although this strawberry variety tolerates frosts quite well even with minimal shelter, it is useful to sprinkle bushes with a layer of straw or sawdust to insure against excessively cold and snowless winters. Covering plants with non-woven garden material or spruce branches is also practiced.
Pest and Disease Control
Possessing innate resistance to gray rot and leaf spots, the strawberry variety is still susceptible to powdery mildew and verticillin wilt. For the prevention and control of verticillosis, antagonist mushrooms and the preparations Gliokladin, Agat-25K and Trichocin created on their basis are used. Powdery mildew, manifested by the appearance of a white coating on the foliage, which then turns into a bronze-colored leathery coating, is fought with the help of broad-spectrum fungicides.
The Vicoda variety is able to successfully resist pest attacks, but occasionally it is still attacked by nematodes and strawberry ticks. They fight the first with the use of insecticides and thin out strawberry plantings as a preventive measure. Against strawberry ticks parasitizing on young leaves, industrial fungicides are used or marigolds and calendula are planted next to strawberries, which secrete natural fungicides.
Harvesting and storage
Ripe strawberries are a delicate product. Gardeners even argue that preserving them is sometimes more difficult than growing them. Berries of the variety under discussion are recommended to be removed for subsequent storage several days before final ripening, when a greenish tint is observed on the white tip of the fruit. Then the berries are sorted. It should be borne in mind that large fruits for storage are not suitable - it is better to immediately eat them. Smaller berries have better keeping quality. In addition, to prolong the preservation of the fruit, they should not be freed from the stalks. Gather strawberries either in the morning when the dew is already dry, or in the evening before sunset.
Important! Berries sent for storage should never be washed.
The strawberry variety of the Dutch selection of Vikoda quickly gained popularity among gardeners in many countries of the world. This was facilitated by its high productivity, the ability to quickly adapt to local climatic conditions, cold resistance and the original taste of berries. Ripening among the other varieties of strawberries last, Vicoda invariably puts the winning point in the completed strawberry season.