Characteristics and features of growing Gloria peach
Peach Gloria is a modern promising variety that produces fruits of high consumer quality. A description of the culture and the basic principles of its agricultural technology are given below.
Detailed description of Gloria peach variety
Gloria is a variety of American selection, which was bred in the state of New Jersey at the Rutgers experimental station. A patent for the plant under the code NJ 351 was issued in 2007. Breeders aimed to obtain a peach resistant to bacterial spotting, which often affects plants in the northeastern United States.
The variety is practically not described in Russian-language sources, and the information indicated by the manufacturer in the patent, characterizes a tree grown in Cream Ridge (New Jersey, USA) as follows:
- moderate growth force;
- at 5 years old, height is 3.2 m, width 5.3 m (on the Lovell stock);
- the circumference of the trunk at the age of five at a height of 20 cm from the ground is 40 cm;
- sprawling crown;
- a sheet up to 4.5 cm in length of an elongated shape with a sharp tip;
- flowers are small, with a diameter of about 2.3 cm.
Fruits have distinctive features:
- diameter - about 6.8 cm;
- average weight 158 g;
- the shape is round;
- peel of medium thickness, with short pubescence;
- color - yellow-orange with a red blush (60–90% of the surface);
- the bone is small, freely detached;
- flesh - yellow, dense, without pronounced fibers;
- taste - sweet, with low acidity;
- the aroma is weak.
Did you know? In 1981, a water tower was built in the American town of Gaffney, which is called the peach capital of South Carolina. At its top is a reservoir of water, made in the form of a huge peach.
Resistance to diseases and pests of the variety is not described in detail by the manufacturer, except for the noted resistance to bacterial spotting. The drought resistance and winter hardiness of this peach correspond to climatic drift 6b. Flower buds can withstand temperatures down to -16 ° C.
Pollinators are not indicated by the manufacturer. Flowering and ripening dates are also given for zone 6b. The date of the beginning of flowering is called April 14, and the date of the fall of the first petal is April 25. The ripeness of the fruits occurs from August 9 to 25.
Productivity from each tree is not specified. It is noted that the crop was obtained 10 seasons out of 11 (full yield in 9 seasons). Peaches perfectly tolerate transportation and can be stored for at least 21 days (in appropriate conditions). Soften slowly.
Pros and Cons of Gloria
- Based on the information presented, we can draw conclusions about such benefits of the variety:
- large fruits of excellent taste;
- good transportability;
- regular fruiting.
A relative disadvantage is the lack of information about cultivation in other countries and climatic zones, as well as the practical experience of domestic gardeners.
Agrotechnics of cultivation and care
Peach is a heat-loving crop and requires a lot of sun. Compliance with the basic principles of proper planting and further care will allow you to get a full crop.
In the southern regions, peach can be planted in the fall, as the seedling will have time to take root before the onset of cold weather. Planted, in the same place, in the spring, young trees will immediately fall under the scorching sun and can dry out. If there is no other way, peach should be pritenit, watered twice a week and sprayed with warm water.
In the middle lane, you can choose a planting period that is comfortable for the gardener. In the north, autumn is short and peach is planted only in the spring, when the air and land warm up enough.
Site selection and pit preparation
For this culture you need the warmest and most protected place from the wind.The groundwater level should not be higher than 1–1.6 m. The pit should be prepared in advance, preferably 3-4 months before planting. Depth and diameter are approximately 50x50 cm, then this size must be adjusted for the volume of the root system of a particular seedling.
Salted and acidified soils are not suitable for peaches. To increase soil fertility, 1-2 buckets of humus and 100 g of nitrophoska should be added to the pit. A wooden stake or plank 1–1.5 m long is driven in the center of the pit, through which a seedling will be fixed.
Important! The distance from peach to other trees should not be less than 3 m!
Step-by-step landing instructions
At night, before planting, the peach should be placed in a container of water, where it is recommended to add a growth stimulant (for example, “Kornevin”). AT further adhere to such an algorithm of actions:
- Adjust the size of the pit for a particular tree.
- A drainage layer of sand or gravel up to 10 cm high is poured to the bottom of the depression. A cone from the soil is poured onto it.
- The seedling is set in the center so that the peg obscures the trunk from the sun. The root system is spread over the surface of the earth cone.
- They fill the hole in 2/3, lightly press down and watered with one bucket of defended water. When the moisture is gone, they fill up the hole. The peach root neck should be 3-4 cm above the soil level.
- Around the pit, around the circumference, a small ridge is poured from the ground and watered with 1-2 buckets of water. The trunk circle is mulched.
Watering and fertilizing
The first 2-3 years after planting, the peach needs especially careful care. The tree will need abundant watering (but without stagnation of water) twice a month. For adult trees, watering is important a month before harvest, which increases the size of the fruit by almost 1/3. Depending on the weather, the fruiting peach should be watered 2-3 times per season, and later varieties should be watered 5-6 times.
Podzimny or water-charging irrigation will help the peach survive the winter. The amount of water for it is calculated on the basis of the norm - 90-100 liters per 1 m² of the trunk circle.
Did you know? The leaders in world production of peaches are China, Italy and the USA. China topped the list in 1995 and already in 2009 grew almost 10 times more fruits than Italy and the United States.
Fertilize a young seedling should be 2 times:
- 30–40 g of complex mineral fertilizer must be introduced into the budding phase;
- in mid-summer (after July 15), 50 g of superphosphate and 25 g of potassium sulfate are used.
When the peach begins to bear fruit, the number of top dressings increases to three. Fertilizer consumption also increases to 150-200 g. During the formation of fruits, spraying with wood ash or other trace elements is carried out, while potassium and phosphorus are introduced at the beginning of the ripening period. Every 3-4 years, the tree needs to be fed with humus or compost (1-2 buckets).
The most common form of peach bowl. Peach Gloria, at the same time, gives annual vertical growths up to 1.7 m long. At the first spring pruning, a stump is formed, cutting side shoots along the entire trunk to a height of 40-50 cm. 3-6 branches of the first order are left above, and the central trunk is removed .
In the second year, second-order shoots are left on the left branches, removing the remaining branches. Branches that grow inside the crown are subject to mandatory cutting. The skeletal branches of the first and second order are cut by 50-60 cm. During the season, young shoots will grow on these branches, on which the formation of most of the ovaries will be concentrated and next year you can get a guaranteed harvest.
In spring, fruiting shoots are thinned out, leaving an interval between them of 15–20 cm. This is necessary to obtain larger fruits. In the northern regions, peach is often grown in the form of a bush. The aerial part of the plant is formed from 5–10 developed shoots. Periodically rejuvenate the bush, cutting old branches.
Pest and Disease Control
Peach is a culture sensitive to many diseases. Most often, gardeners face the following problems:
- kleasterosporiosis affects all ground parts of a tree. A distress signal will be brown spots with a raspberry border on the leaves, in the middle of which then holes form. Orange spots appear on the bark of young shoots, it cracks and gum flows. Gradually, the shoots die off and the tree dries up. You can fight the disease during swelling of the kidneys with Meteor or copper chloroxide, and before and after flowering, Horus or Topsin M is effective. The affected shoots are cut, and the slices are disinfected with a mixture of 8% lime solution and 2% copper sulfate solution, sealed with garden var;
- leaf curl considered one of the most dangerous diseases. Red blisters appear on the leaf plates, and a white coating appears from the inside, after which the leaves turn brown and fall off. The branches become bare and turn yellow, the tree slows down growth and dies. Sick parts are cut and burned. In the spring, at the stage of the “green cone”, it is necessary to conduct the treatment with copper preparations, “Horus” or “Skor”, and in the fall, during the fall season, they use “Meteor” or copper chloride;
- powdery mildew forms a plaque on the underside of the leaf plate and shoots of the current season. For prevention, it is necessary to spray with the preparations “Skor”, “Topsin M” or “Topaz” at the end of flowering. It is imperative to carry out sanitary pruning of diseased shoots and destroy fallen leaves.
More often than others, on peach you can find pests:
For winter, young peaches should be covered with burlap or other suitable material. It is pulled on pegs driven around the trunk. The thickness of the mulch in the near-stem circle should be increased to 10–15 cm. A high earthing up of the stem is used, by 50–60 cm.
Important! Bird cherry is an intermediate link for some pathogens dangerous for peach. The distance between these plants should be at least 150–160 m.
Harvesting and storage
Harvest for transportation is collected in the stage of commodity ripeness. According to the manufacturer, the fruits can be on the tree after ripening for 7 days, gaining additional sweetness and size, without affecting the shelf life.
Due to the characteristics of the peel and pulp, the fruits perfectly tolerate stacking and shifting in boxes. The optimum storage temperature is + 1 ... + 4 ° C.Peach Gloria can be recommended for cultivation in orchards and farms to obtain high-quality fruits with high commercial potential. A significant shelf life and resistance to transportation will attract those who grow fruits for sale. Despite insufficient information, the variety is worthy of close attention of domestic gardeners.