Features of planting and caring for a variety of strawberries Black Prince
The modern market can offer summer residents a huge number of different strawberry varieties suitable for cultivation in certain regions of the Russian Federation. The difference between them is only in the abundance of the crop and ease of care, which experienced gardeners pay attention to first. This article will discuss the Black Prince strawberry variety, which advantageously combines many of the positive qualities of this culture. What exactly it is remarkable for and how to properly grow seedlings - more on this later.
Description and characteristics of strawberries Black Prince
When assessing the qualities of one or another strawberry variety, first of all, attention is paid to the characteristics of berries, but the characteristics of plant bushes are often left without due attention. In order to make an accurate assessment of the chosen strawberry, it is important to take into account all its features, characterizing both the fruits and the aerial parts of the culture as a whole. True, for convenience, you can still divide the set of available qualities into two main groups of descriptions.
Important! The tendency of the variety to reduce the number of appearing mustaches should be taken into account when breeding strawberries for seedlings, because without updating the plantings, over time you can be left without young plants of the crop.
The Black Prince is a medium-sized strawberry variety, the aerial part of which is characterized by increased resistance to various adverse environmental factors. Bright green leaf blades of bushes - medium in size, have a glossy surface and create moderate thickening of landings. During the season, one plant forms a moderate number of medium-thick whiskers, however, every year their number decreases, which can not be said about the abundance of fruiting.
Strawberry Black Prince is very dark.Therefore, the name of the variety can be considered quite justified. The surface of the skin is covered with a large number of seeds, due to which the fruits appear a little prickly or rough. In shape, all strawberries resemble a truncated coneand under medium-thick skin there is a bright red dense pulp, attractive sweet and sour taste. There are no white veins or voids in it, which only increases the value of the fruits of this variety of strawberries. The weight of one berry ranges 35-50 g, therefore, even with a small area of plantings, there is every chance to get a large amount of a delicious crop.
Winter hardiness and disease resistance
The Black Prince is classified as winter-hardy strawberry variety, as plants calmly endure winter temperature drops to -20 ° C. In addition, spring return frosts are not terrible for plants, so there is no need for mandatory shelter in most of the territory of the central region.
High resistance of the culture to the popular ailments of strawberries, however, in case of violation of agricultural cultivation techniques, their complete absence cannot be guaranteed, therefore, experienced gardeners always recommend that watering and top dressing be normalized, as well as not to plant cultivated plants in inappropriate places for them.
Ripening period and productivity
The Black Prince is a mid-ripe large-fruited strawberry, and this means that the first ripe berries can be plucked already in late June or early July. However, the exact harvesting time also depends on the climatic features of a particular growing region, therefore, in the southern regions, harvesting begins earlier than in the central and northern ones.
The fruiting period of the plants of the described variety is somewhat stretched in time, which is why about a month often passes from the moment the first ripe berries appear until the last ripened fruits are picked. You should not consider this feature a cultural disadvantage, rather, on the contrary, because you can provide your family with a sufficient supply of vitamins for a long time.
Did you know? Strawberries contain a large amount of vitamin C, and in order to ensure the daily norm of this element for one adult, you need to eat a little more than 100 g of berries per day.
The Black Prince pleases with strawberries productivity with abundance, because for the entire fruiting season one plant produces 800–1200 g of sweet and juicy berries. From one hectare (subject to all the requirements of agricultural cultivation), it is possible to obtain up to 20 tons of crop with high commercial qualities.
Transportability and application
Due to the dense pulp, strawberries of the described variety tolerate transportation welltherefore very beneficial for industrial cultivation. Moreover, under suitable conditions, the shelf life of the berries is extended to two weeks, which gives gardeners enough time to transport and sell the collected products.
Regarding the area applications of the Black Prince variety, it is suitable for a wide variety of purposes: fresh consumption (including as part of fruit dishes), processing for preserves and jams, as well as applications for creating baked goods and various desserts.
Advantages and disadvantages
Like any other strawberry variety, with a large number of advantages, the Black Prince is not without some drawbacks, which is definitely worth considering before planting plants on the site.
- The list of advantages of the described strawberries includes the following characteristics:
- excellent commercial qualities and good taste of the fruit;
- high transportability and the ability to store berries for up to two weeks, without losing their qualities;
- high resistance to strawberry ailments and pests, which greatly simplifies the care of plants;
- relatively high yield of varieties;
- the possibility of growing in the middle strip without shelter (provided that the winter temperature drops do not exceed -20 ° C);
- prolonged fruiting (for 7 years without reducing the abundance of the crop).
The disadvantages of the variety are much smaller and for the most part they are relevant for the northern regions of Russia. In harsh conditions, strawberries grow poorly, so to get a high yield it is better to grow it in greenhouse conditions. Do not forget about the demanding variety in terms of watering: prolonged drought will adversely affect not only the abundance of fruiting, but also the quality of the berries.
Before planting Black Prince strawberries, it is important to choose the optimal time for the procedure and properly prepare a seat, taking into account all the requirements of a particular culture. Each preparatory measure, as well as the technology of planting work itself, has its own characteristics, which is always worth remembering to get the most positive result.
How to choose the right seedlings
The selection of strawberry seedlings is one of the first and most important tasks, because low-quality seedlings will not be able to bring a large number of delicious fruits. Plants of the Black Prince variety suitable for planting should always be tall, with dense and wide leaves, as well as a strong mustache. For a small seedling, their number may not exceed 2-3 pieces, but at the same time they must all be dense, without signs of disease or pest activity. There should be no damage on the other parts of the plant, otherwise the successful adaptation of the young plant on the site cannot be guaranteed.
When and where to plant a berry
The best time to plant strawberries seedlings Black Prince - mid-SeptemberTrue, residents of the southern regions with hot summers can begin to complete the task in May. The optimal layout of strawberry bushes is 40 × 50 cm (the distance between adjacent plants in a row and the rows themselves). For branched and lush bushes, the described culture of this distance will be enough for comfortable growth and development.
The strawberry landing site should be well lit and warmed up by the sun, but the appearance of cold winds in this territory is extremely undesirable, especially shortly after planting seedlings. The optimal level of groundwater occurrence is no closer than 60 cm to the surface of the substrate, otherwise, due to constant humidity, the root system of plants will begin to rot. Given this possibility, strawberries are not recommended to be planted in lowlands and on steep slopes, where all water will drain down.The optimal type of soil mixture at the planting site is gray forest substrates or light loamy soils.. Heavy clay and peat lands for growing strawberries will not work, because even with a good drainage layer, the rhizome will still rot. If chernozemic soils prevail in the territory of the site, then when organizing the landing hole it is worth adding sand to the ground.
During the autumn preparation of the selected site, the soil is fertilized with humus, introducing organic matter for digging at the rate of 5 kg per 1 m² of territory. With increased soil acidity, dolomite flour or lime is additionally added, and for 1 m² only 200 ؎ 300 g of the selected substance will be sufficient. Of course, all plant residues and weeds need to be removed.
Important! The best predecessors for Strawberry Black Prince will be legumes, cereals, as well as onions and carrots. After eggplant, cabbage, tomatoes and potatoes, planting strawberry seedlings is not worth it.
As soon as the earth in the prepared place settles a little, and the fertilizer is evenly distributed throughout the entire thickness of the soil, it will be possible to proceed to direct planting activities.
The algorithm for performing all actions in this case will look like this:
- According to the recommended layout of strawberries, dig holes for young plants (the width of the pit should be at least 20 cm, with a depth of 10-15 cm).
- Moisten each well well with water and wait until the liquid is completely absorbed into the soil.
- Take the Black Prince sapling and place it in the hole strictly vertically, spreading the roots (they should not bend or tangle).
- Gently fill the rhizome with soil, making sure that there is no air space between adjacent roots.
- At the end of the process, the soil around the planted bushes should be compacted again and well watered.
After completing the planting procedure, the bush growth point (resembles a heart) should be above the soil surface. Excessive plant deepening or too high planting of strawberry plants in the area will cause the plants to warm up or dry out.
Important! It is good if the Black Prince will plant strawberries in the evening or in cloudy weather, when the activity of the sun is minimal. This is especially true during spring planting, due to the tendency of the roots to dry out under the influence of sunlight.
How to properly care for Black Prince strawberries
The care of Black Prince strawberry plantations is based on standard measures: regular watering, standardized fertilizer, the prevention of diseases and pests, as well as timely trimming of mustaches, which allows you to adjust the quality and abundance of the future crop.
Strawberries of this variety are moisture-loving crops.therefore, for the first time after planting on the site and during flowering of bushes, you need to moisten the soil under them daily.During the fruiting period, the irrigation intensity is reduced, otherwise the ripening strawberry fruits will creep away from an excessive amount of moisture. In this case, the optimal regularity of the procedure is once a week, at a flow rate of water for irrigation in the range of 10–20 l per 1 m² of plantings.
It is desirable that the water for irrigation be well-maintained, slightly warmed up by the sun, and as for the best time to complete the procedure, the best solution is morning or evening hours, when it is not too hot outside.
Given the possibility of growing Black Prince strawberries for many years without changing the place of plant growth, it is not surprising that plant nutrition should be annual. During fruiting, powerful bushes greatly deplete the soil, which means that without replenishment of nutrient reserves, all subsequent crops will not be of such high quality, and the fruiting abundance can significantly decrease.
With the arrival of the first spring heat (before strawberry blossoms), nitrogen-containing compounds in the form of urea or chicken manure, diluted in water in a ratio of 1:10, are excellent for fertilizing the crop. During the period of active flowering of bushes, nitrogen should be replaced with potassium nitrate, and in summer it is useful to fertilize berry bushes with fermented herbal “cocktails” from dandelion and nettle.
In late autumn, shortly after harvesting the last strawberry crop, the soil in the place of its growth is fertilized with prepared phosphorus-potassium compounds, which should help plants form new flower stalks for the next season and prepare for the winter period, withstanding possible temperature drops.
Pest and Disease Treatment
When breeding strawberries of the Black Prince variety, breeders made every effort to ensure that the new plant does not suffer from common strawberry ailments and pests. The disease resistance of the culture is indeed at a high level, but in some years, mainly if the suitable growing conditions are violated, strawberry bushes can suffer from brown and white spots. To prevent these ailments, gardeners spray strawberries a two percent solution of Bordeaux mixture, performing the treatment twice: in the early spring, before the buds begin to bloom, and in late autumn, after harvesting the current year.
With high humidity in the area, strawberries can disturb snails. With a massive invasion of this pest, most of the crop will be eaten or damaged, so it is advisable to prevent the appearance of snails on strawberries by all means.The main preventive measures include soil cultivation between rows with red pepper and salt, which are scattered over the soil surface. An excellent alternative would be stinging nettles, which are laid out between the rows. The movement of snails on it is extremely unpleasant for pests, so they will try to avoid such a surface.
Did you know? Strawberry juice is no worse than expensive toothpastes capable of whitening teeth, so in the summer season it is worth eating several berries daily, carefully chewing each of them.
Trimming mustache and leaves
For successful abundant fruiting of strawberries, all the strength of the plant should be directed to the formation and ripening of berries, which means that the extra parts of the crop will have to be removed so that they do not take energy from more important areas. If the mustache is not cut, it will grow rapidly, depleting the nutrient reserves of the soil and reducing the overall yield.
Fortunately, Strawberry varieties Black Prince intensively forms a mustache only in the first 3 years of cultivation, and in the future, the appearance of the problem of thickening of landings is unlikely. True, sometimes, in order to open fruiting brushes for the sun and airing, it is necessary to remove individual leaf plates, but in this case, increased attention should be paid to sick or damaged specimens and only then go to healthy, large sheets.
When cultivating the Black Prince variety in the conditions of the southern or middle strip of the Russian Federation shelter of strawberries for the winter is not required, since the variety was initially characterized by rather high indicators of frost resistance.In such cases the main measures to warm the beds can be replaced by seasonal and winter soil care, with the obligatory removal of weeds, as well as the possible mulching of the soil surface.
Harvesting and storage
If you intend to eat fresh strawberries or use them for processing soon, then it must be torn off at the stage of full maturity: approximately in late June or early July, depending on the region of cultivation. In the case of future long-term transportation of the harvested crop, it is better to remove the fruits from the bushes slightly unripe, so that they have 4-5 days to fully ripen. Such berries usually have a lighter color, closer to pink.
The best strawberry harvesting time is the morning hours, soon after the dew has dried. When manually harvested (the use of machines for harvesting strawberry plantations is not recommended), the tail must remain with the berry, otherwise the flesh will quickly spread. If possible, the harvested crop should immediately be packaged in containers for transportation, which are often presented in the form of wooden boxes with a volume of not more than 2-3 kg. They cover the berry layers with food paper, after which the container is sent to the cellar shelves for short storage.A small amount of strawberries is successfully stored in the refrigerator, on fruit shelves, however, there should be no bananas, pears or any other fruits actively emitting ethylene. Before laying strawberries in shipping containers, they must be disinfected with a strong solution of potassium permanganate, and then left until the liquid has completely dried.
Strawberry Black Prince - a worthy representative of mid-early varieties of culture, and given the relatively low demand for care and the possibility of growing in most of the Russian Federation, it is not surprising that many gardeners fell in love with these berries, and the plants themselves are increasingly found in summer cottages.
black prince: planting area 0.2 hail yield: not less than 20-z0t / ha from the second year. further planting: 1 year 20 cm along with thinning through one second: year 40 cm - very quickly and powerfully increases the top dressing: 1 time in 10 days (Kemira or EM concentrate) from the first color illness: very resistant to major diseases and ticks . spotting appears on some bushes at the end of October - beginning of November. I do not process any diseases against diseases, they are not tasteless: the market eats first, then other varieties are sold. a fully ripened berry is really tasty; I spend bushes from the 2nd year on in the autumn, with the addition of organic matter (only compost) into the trench resulting from the earthing up, with compaction and watering