Features of planting and care for strawberries Mice Schindler
Mice Schindler, a popular strawberry in Europe, is a culture with a long history. Gourmets recognize the variety by their first aromatic notes, because the berries are distinguished by an unusual strawberry-raspberry flavor. However, growing a variety is associated with a number of nuances. About the features and subtleties of caring for the culture - later in the article.
The history of breeding varieties Mice Schindler
Mice Schindler - Strawberries come from Germany. The full name of the culture sounds like Frau Mieze Schindler. The variety was bred in 1933, crossing the genes of the varieties Johann Moller and Lucid Perfect.
Did you know? The world leaders in the industrial cultivation of strawberries are China, the USA and Mexico.
Description and characteristics of the culture
The variety is characterized by undersized bushes.. The foliage is weak. The leaf plates are large, curved in the form of a boat, dark green, on the upper side a glossy sheen. Toothed edges with rounded teeth. Intoxication is intense, while some mustaches have remodeling features.
The berries ripen in a round shape. The skin color is burgundy. The pulp is friable, pink color. In the first year of fruiting, one fruit weighs about 18–20 g. Strawberry sizes decrease over time - from the second year, the average weight of one berry is only 5–6 g.
Drought and winter hardiness
The variety has high frost resistance. Shelter is required only in regions where extremely low temperatures are combined with the lack of snow. In addition, it is desirable to shelter plantings in the northern climate - some bushes in these conditions can freeze.
Drought tolerance is also high.. However, agricultural cultivation necessarily involves watering. With prolonged drying, fewer fruits ripen.
Pollination, flowering period and ripening period
The ripening dates of the variety are late. Flowering plants occurs in the female type. For fruit setting, pollinators need to be planted nearby. Other late-ripening varieties will cope with this role:
Productivity of the variety is low: from 1 m² of plantations, farmers harvest an average of 800 g of berries. With mass cultivation from 1 ha, you can collect up to 50 centners of strawberries, but Mice Schindler is not grown on a large scale.
Did you know? Strawberry is a wild strawberry cultigen. Culture was bred in the Netherlands in the 18th century.
The variety is non-permanent - the fruits are tied once during the growing season.
Disease and pest resistance
Strawberries Mice Schindler is moderately resistant to diseases and pests. The culture is most resistant to:
- gray rot;
- powdery mildew;
- strawberry mites.
Pros and cons of the variety
- Mitsa Schindler's garden strawberries have several advantages:
- unusual raspberry flavor;
- resistance to frost, drought and disease;
- intense urination;
- basic agricultural farming technique.
- The variety also has disadvantages:
- low productivity;
- pollinator requirement;
- the need for quick collection of ripe fruits;
- poor keeping quality;
- low transportability;
- yield decline with age;
- unprofitable for commercial cultivation.
Important features of transplanting seedlings - compliance with optimal planting dates, the choice of a good place and high-quality seedlings. When choosing a place, you must consider neighboring cultures. Landing is carried out according to clearly defined technology.
Recommended pick-up dates
The best strawberry planting time for Mice Schindler is early autumn. With these planting dates, the seedlings will have time to take root and grow stronger in the winter. Landing in March or August is also possible.
Important! Lime, heavy clay or too sandy soils are not suitable for planting.
Choosing the right place
The growth and yield of seedlings is affected by the place of planting. The site should have the following characteristics:
- lack of shadow;
- the area is open, but protected from draft;
- nutritious loose soil with an acidity of pH 5–6.
What can and cannot be planted next to strawberries
Neighboring cultures are important for the successful development of the Mice Schindler cultivar.
Near strawberries, it is recommended to grow:
Some crops have a detrimental effect on an already small crop. Among them:
- Jerusalem artichoke;
Selection and preparation of planting material
For planting, you need to choose healthy seedlings. High-quality planting material has the following characteristics:
- branched rhizome;
- 3-4 sheet plates;
- lack of rot and raids;
- the integrity of all parts.
Plant strawberry seedlings Mice Schindler according to the following scheme:
- Dig holes at a distance of 15–20 cm between plants and 50–60 cm in aisles.
- Fill each hole with a small amount of humus and ash.
- Place the seedling in the hole.
- Fill the hole with soil so that the root neck is at ground level.
After planting, water each bush with room temperature water. For better rooting, the beds can be mulched with sawdust or hay.
To achieve the ripening of the crop, it is necessary to regularly care for the bushes. Leaving includes watering, mulching, loosening, weeding, top dressing and shelter for the winter.
Watering is carried out as the soil dries. The soil should not dry out into dust, but water stagnation in the root area is detrimental to the variety. It is advisable to irrigate the soil in the morning or in the evening, when the sun is not so active. For irrigation, it is optimal to use warm, heated water.
After each watering, the beds must be loosened. This manipulation increases the breathability of the soil. The root system is better saturated with oxygen. The plant develops more actively, and productivity, as a consequence, increases.
Important! Loosen the soil after any wetting, including after rain.
Top dressing is applied according to the standard scheme:
- at the beginning of the growing season - ammonium nitrate or urea;
- when setting fruit - potassium phosphorus products;
- after harvesting - chicken droppings or liquid mullein.
In the north and in snow-less regions of the middle zone, the beds for the winter must be covered. It is most convenient to use agrofibre as a shelter. If material is not available, mulch the area. As mulch, you can use fallen leaves.
Diseases and Pests
The variety of Mice Schindler is medium resistant to diseases and parasites. With proper agricultural technology and processing of planting material, there will most likely be no problems with cultivation.
However, the development of fungal spots is possible. As a prophylaxis and for treatment, it is recommended to treat with copper sulfate or 1% solution of Bordeaux fluid.
Of pests on plantings, aphids, whiteflies, leaf beetles, or weevils are sometimes found. Insecticides are used to control insects. Over the decades of gardening practice, Actellik and Aktara have proven themselves well.
An important preventive measure is replanting bushes to a new place every 5 years.. When moving plantations to another site, the development of diseases and the attack of pests are unlikely.
Harvesting and storage
Take fruits as they ripen. Dark cherry skin color speaks of ripeness. If you overdo the berries on the bushes, the strawberries will begin to deteriorate.
The keeping quality and portability of the variety are low.. It is advisable to eat the fruits as soon as possible after harvest. Store Strawberry Mice Schindler in the vegetable department of the refrigerator. Most often, berries are consumed fresh because of their unique taste, and they are also prepared from them aromatic jam, jelly, jams, fruit drinks or frozen.
The main advantage of the strawberry variety Mice Schindler - taste. A similar strawberry-raspberry flavor is extremely rare. He is the main goal of growing this culture. Due to the excellent taste, gardeners forgive the old variety for all its many flaws.