Varieties of garden strawberries for the Moscow region
Strawberries, she's also Sadovaya strawberries, love warmth and good lighting, so the berry grown in the southern regions is sweeter, and strawberries near Moscow when cloudy weather and lack of light may not get enough sugar. The article presents the varieties most suitable for planting in the Moscow Region. Planting and growing technologies, as well as a brief description of the varieties, are given below.
What type of soil is preferable for planting garden strawberries
The soil must be moist; permissible moisture content is 80–90%. Planting is carried out on loamy or sandy loamy soils. If the soil in the site is heavy, clay, it needs to be prepared for planting: the soil in the selected area is removed to a depth of 40 cm and covered with a new soil mixture, which consists of sand, peat and chernozem, taken in equal proportions.
Did you know? Strawberry is considered a natural aphrodisiac, in addition, it increases sperm fertility by 25%, which contributes to the rapid conception.
Features of growing strawberries in the suburbs
In order to grow beautiful strawberry bushes that will please you with a plentiful harvest, you must choose the right variety. The choice of a variety that was originally adapted for planting in the Moscow Region will contribute to a lower expenditure of time and energy on plant care.It is best to purchase seedlings at a local nursery, which will guarantee authenticity.
It is necessary to adhere to all the rules of agricultural technology. The most important thing is the choice of a landing site. The place should be well-lit so that the berries are sweeter and ripe. If the site is too high for groundwater (up to 1 m), you must first form an embankment 40 cm above the ground.
The plant does not accept drafts that provoke fungal diseases and insect infestations.
The best varieties for Moscow region
During the breeding work, many new strawberry varieties were bred, which are successfully grown in the suburbs. A brief description of the varieties of different ripening dates for this region can be found below.
Among gardeners, early ripening varieties are very popular, which begin to bear fruit in late May. Most often, the fruits of these varieties are small in size and have a sweet and sour taste.
The culture is tall, with an abundant number of large leaves of a dark green color. Antennae - elongated, pink. Peduncles are located on thin stems not exceeding the height of leaf sockets.
Berries are medium in size, up to 35 g in weight. The form is elongated, with a sharp point at the end. The skin is bright with a glossy sheen. The taste is sweet, with a little acid. The variety is resistant to fungal spores and has an average resistance to ticks. Winter hardiness up to -35 ° С.
Leaf sockets - powerful, densely leafy. The sheets are very large, wrinkled, concave inward. The flowers are located on thickened stems not exceeding the height of the leaf plates. Ripe fruits are large, with a dense structure. The taste is sugary sweet.
Elsant's strawberries are resistant to all fungal diseases except powdery mildew; also bushes can suffer from root rot, which attacks the plant in a period of high humidity.
A distinctive feature of the Darselect variety is the ability to bear fruit even with a short daylight up to 12 hours. The bushes consist of tall leafy rosettes of dark green color. The berries ripen in mid-June, they have a scarlet color and a pleasant sweet and sour taste. The mass of the ripe fruit reaches 20 g.
Winter hardiness of the plant is regarded as average, because a bush without shelter can withstand a temperature drop of only -16 ° C.
The sweetest grades strawberries - mid-season. Their ripening begins in the middle of summer, during the period when the sun is most active, which is the main factor contributing to the improvement of taste. Fruiting begins in mid-June or early July and lasts for 2 weeks.
The plant has medium-sized leafy rosettes. Leaf plates are wrinkled, light green in color, with marked pubescence. Flowers are located on elongated stems that rise above the leaves.
The berries are large, up to 50 g, have a red color with an orange tint. The density of strawberry fruits of the Arosa variety allows them to be transported over a long distance, which attracts gardeners who engage in commercial activities and sell berries.
Culture - tall, medium leafy. The leaf plates are large, dark green with a slight wrinkle. The plant is not drought tolerant and has medium immunity to the fungus.
The shape of the Asia berries is irregular: they grow large, rounded, with a wide base, forked, and also have many furrows on their surface. Fruits weighing up to 50 g, but sometimes there are real giants that weigh 100 g or more.
Later varieties are in demand among those summer residents who like to enjoy berries at the end of the summer period. Late ripening strawberries can bear fruit from July to September.
Berries of the Alice variety are excellently transported and have attractive external data. The shape of the fruit is conical, slightly ribbed at the base. The peel has a glossy sheen; its color is orange-red.The culture is characterized by persistent immunity against verticillosis and powdery mildew.
The berries of the Malvina variety can be immediately distinguished from other types of strawberries in an exquisite shape in the form of a heart, they also have a unique rich cherry hue, which is acquired at the stage of technical maturity. The taste is sweet, sugary, the structure of the berry is juicy, melting in the mouth.
The bushes grow medium height, not too thick, their leaf rosettes have a light green color. Peduncles are located on short stems that grow under the leaves.
The plant may be attacked by weevil or thripsTherefore, timely preventive treatment against pests is required. Malvina variety is poorly resistant to verticillin wilt and fusarium.
Did you know? Zemklunika is a hybrid variety obtained by crossing strawberries (Sadovaya strawberries) and Muskousnaya strawberries (Spanki).
Repairing varieties have the ability to bear fruit repeatedly, 2-3 times a season. The first crop begins to ripen in late May, subsequent fruiting occurs at intervals of 4-6 weeks.
The culture has the ability to produce flower stalks and bear fruit with a short daylight. Strawberry Monterey grows tall, with very thickened leafy rosettes.
The berries have a glossy skin, dark red in color. The shape of the fetus is a regular cone. The mass can reach 40 g. The dense structure of the berry avoids unnecessary trauma during transportation.The bush is not resistant to powdery mildew.
Mara de Bois
The plant is compact, its leaf rosettes are not thickened. The fruits of the variety Mara de Bois are small, up to 10 g. The color of the berry is deep red. Her taste is sugary; the structure is dense, juicy.
The variety has average resistance to infectious diseases, often affected by brown spotting and chlorosis.. The culture is not frost-resistant, therefore it requires careful shelter for the winter period.
Bushes are erect, high of medium density. Peduncles elongated, do not creep. Strawberry Albion develops even with a short daylight.
The culture does not tolerate frosts, its resistance to diseases is average.
Landing and further care
You can plant strawberry bushes in the spring or autumn. Spring planting is carried out from May 10 to 20when the air temperature warms up to + 15 ° С, and the soil - at least + 8 ° С. Planting during this period will allow the bushes to take root well and gain nutrients before the cold, but it is also worth considering the fact that this year there will be no harvest from such bushes. Autumn planting is carried out from September 1 to September 20, the most important thing is to have time to plant strawberries 3-4 weeks before frosts and provide good shelter for the winter period.
Digging holes for planting, observing the dimension: 40 cm in depth and 30 in width. A distance of 40 cm is left between the rows, and an interval of 50 cm is observed between the bushes. Each well is fertilized with 40 g of humus, which is mixed with soil at its bottom. Seedlings are introduced into the pit, making sure that the rhizome does not bend, but takes a horizontal position. To the top of the hole, the soil is poured, 1 liter of water is watered, and then the planting area is densely packed.
Important! When planting, it is necessary to ensure that the basal neck is 1 cm higher than the soil level.
Further care for planting is watering and loosening the soil. Fertilizers are not introduced this year, because they are sufficiently introduced during the preparation of the soil and during direct planting.
Water the bushes as needed, observing an interval of 7-10 days. Water for the procedure should be at least + 25 ° C, it is also defended during the day before entering the soil.
The soil is loosened after each watering and rain, which avoids the formation of a dense crust on the surface of the earth and enables the rhizome to receive the necessary amount of oxygen. During the season, it is necessary to mulch the soil near the plant 3-4 times, for which wood sawdust or straw is used; the procedure allows you to maintain the necessary moisture and better preserve nutrients in the soil.
Disease and Pest Treatment
Treatment for diseases and pests should be carried out in a complex. To make the plant less affected by pests and suffer from a fungal infection, you need to constantly loosen the soil near the stem, and also get rid of weed grass on the site. If dry or damaged leaves appear on the plant, they must be disposed of immediately. Crops that are susceptible to the same diseases cannot be planted next to strawberries, for example: raspberries, rose hips and hawthorn.
Most often, the plant is affected by pests such as strawberry and spider mites, weevil. If you are severely affected by these parasites, you can use the Quadris insecticide (5 ml per 10 liters of water). Processing is carried out in 2 stages with an interval of 10 days. But the use of chemicals requires extreme caution, because if the safety rules are not followed, a person can get severe poisoning.
In the fight against ticks and other insects, folk remedies can be used in the form of a soap-ash solution, which is prepared from 300 g of soap, 200 g of wood ash and 10 l of warm water. Irrigation is carried out 2 times with an interval of 5-7 days.
Most varieties presented in the article are resistant to fungal infections. but in conditions of high humidity, damage to diseases such as powdery mildew and brown spotting is possiblethat are capable of causing irreparable harm to the plant, affecting its growth and development of the fruit.
Treatment against fungal infections is carried out with a solution of 1% copper (100 g per 10 liters of water). Spraying bushes and soil should be carried out in the periods before flowering and after it, then the plant will be under reliable protection against fungal spores.
Harvesting and storage
If the fruits are harvested for long-term storage, they are picked 2 days before full maturity. Such berries ripen in 5 days.
Important! Strawberries at the stage of technical maturity at a temperature of + 20 ° C and above can be stored only 24 hours. In the refrigerator, the fruits are stored for up to 5 days at a temperature of + 2 ° C.
Harvesting is carried out in dry weather. Fruits are placed in wooden boxes or wicker baskets in 1-2 layers, it all depends on their density. The bottom of the strawberry storage box is covered with tracing paper, and after filling the container with fruits, lay a layer of paper on top of them.
With the right choice of variety, you can easily grow the most delicious strawberries in the Moscow region. Care for planting crops is not complicated, so even a beginner in the field of gardening can do it.