Description and characteristics of strawberry varieties Fireworks
Strawberry Fireworks - a fairly popular plant variety. It is appreciated for its unpretentiousness, high yielding capacity and good consumer qualities of fruits. In more detail about this plant further.
Description of Strawberry Variety Fireworks
Breeding varieties were engaged in by Russian breeders at the Scientific Center named after I.V. Michurina. Zenga Zengana and Redkout were crossed to obtain the variety. The new plant turned out to be successful, and in 2000 it was listed in the State Register of Cultures with a recommendation for cultivation in the Volga-Vyatka, Central Black Earth, North Caucasus, and East Siberian regions.
The bush at the Fireworks is powerful, almost spherical in shape, formed from erect leaves collected in a compact outlet. The leaves themselves are small, flat, dark green with a glossy sheen. The root system is fibrous, branched.
All adult bushes have a main rhizome and additional lateral fibrous roots. The plant produces a mustache in a moderate amount of medium size and dark green in color. Peduncles are also relatively small, located below the foliage. They are strong enough to hold the berry in weight. The flowers are bisexual, white, large.
Did you know? There is a rather original and tasty dish with strawberries. It is a berry fried in butter with black pepper or cognac.
The berries are tied on thick stalks. They are large. At the first fruiting, their weight is about 35 g. By the end of the fruiting period, they are smaller and already weigh about 13 g. Their shape is conical with a blunt tip. Painted in dark red with a glossy sheen.
Against this saturated background, sometimes almost cherry, yellow seeds stand out very much. The flesh is the same color as the skin, dense, without voids and interspersed, very juicy. Her taste is sweet and sour. Contains 7.3% sugar and 1.3% acid.
Not only the unusual appearance distinguishes strawberries Fireworks among other varieties, but also some special qualities.
Disease and pest resistance
The plant is immune to such diseases:
- powdery mildew;
- verticillar wilting;
- late blight;
- gray fruit rot;
- spider mite.
In the same time characterized by high susceptibility to white and brown leaf spotif arriving in a stressful situation (sharp changes between drought and wet periods).
Drought and winter hardiness
The frost resistance of the variety is medium. In the southern latitudes it can winter without shelter. The plant responds well to drought, only short-term.
Pollination, timing of flowering and ripening
The beginning of the flowering and fruiting period is inextricably linked with the climate of the region where the crop is grown. The farther south it grows, the earlier it comes into bearing. So, in the middle zone, flowering falls at the end of May - beginning of June, and ripening of berries begins in late June and lasts until mid-July. In general, the variety belongs to mid-season, and its fruiting lasts an average of 14 days. Fireworks have bisexual flowers, therefore, do not need pollination.
Due to the bisexual nature of flowers, the crop bears fruit abundantly. From one plant growing in a private household, you can get about 1000 g of fruit. An industrial-grown variety from one hectare gives an average of 160 centners.
The dense pulp of the berries provides them with long-term storage and the ability to well tolerate transportation over long distances. The main thing is to transport the berries along with the tails, since the flesh is juicy, and if you lose the tails, it will instantly lose all the juice.For transportation, it is best to pick not quite ripe berries.
Did you know? Strawberry — effective whitening agent. She is able to whiten teeth better than toothpaste.
Strawberry Fruit Fireworks - for universal use. Excellent taste allows them to be consumed fresh, but since the fruiting is plentiful, and the ripening of the crop is more friendly, it is difficult to quickly eat the resulting number of berries, therefore it is best to process them into compotes, preserves. You can make marmalades from them and even get juice and wine. If there is a roomy freezer, part of the crop can be frozen.
Freezing will add sourness to the berries in taste, but will retain all the nutrients
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- Positive traits:
- frost and drought resistance;
- good immunity;
- high taste;
- the versatility of the fruit;
- unpretentiousness to the conditions of cultivation and care;
- plentiful and friendly bearing;
- yields do not fall for 4 years with bush growth in one place.
- Most gardeners do not find a variety of flaws. But some believe that the negative qualities of culture include:
- short fruiting period;
- the need to regularly trim the mustache;
- small fruits.
Optimal conditions for growing
The best place for planting strawberries Fireworks is a flat bed lit in the morning. Necessarily it should be protected from cold winds. Soil culture prefers loose and low-lying groundwater. He does not like steep slopes on which the root system of the plant is quickly washed.
Important! If the site is heavily lit by the sun, you must definitely shade the bed with agrofiber.
Landing can be carried out in spring, late summer and autumn. The timing depends on the climatic conditions of the region. If you plant strawberries in the spring, propagating it by dividing the bush, then soon the harvest should not be expected. Autumn planting is also not good for harvest. The bushes have time to take root before the frost, but to lay the right amount of flower buds - no, that's why it is best to plant in the summer. The mustache of the first and second kind will help determine the time of the start of work. They must be fully formed and take root, then they can be planted.
The process of preparing a seat is to dig a bed. The digging depth of the soil should be about 30 cm. In this case, fertilizers must be applied in parallel.
The planting scheme for strawberries can be any, the main thing is that there should be at least 30 cm between the bushes. Most often, such planting schemes are used: 30 × 60 cm, 40 × 60 cm, 40 × 70 cm.
Planting strawberries is carried out in the following way:
- Scoops form holes according to the selected pattern.
- Each well is moistened with 500 ml of water.
- Bushes are placed in the hole.
- Spread the roots sprinkled with soil so that the heart was flush with the ground.
- The soil is compacted and irrigated abundantly.
In agricultural technology, Fireworks are no different from other strawberry varieties.
Watering and fertilizer
Although the variety is able to tolerate drought normally, it is highly undesirable to dry the soil strongly. Abundant watering should be carried out before fruiting. The soil must be constantly moist. When the fruits begin to turn red, irrigation procedures can be stopped.
Top dressing is carried out three times per season. Both organic and mineral complexes can be used. The first spring feeding is best done with nitrogen-containing mixtures, and the last, autumn - phosphorus-potassium mixtures. Before flowering, it is advisable to add humus, wood ash or manure.
Important! In the first year after planting, it is undesirable to feed strawberries.
Weeds are harmful to strawberries, as they grow intensively and quickly pick up nutrients, so even the smallest ones need to be removed.Loosening the soil is necessary to ensure access of oxygen to the roots. This should be done after each watering. Mulch can be used to loosen less and weed less.
Despite frost resistance, during frosty winters in the region, it is necessary to ensure that snow accumulates in the garden. To do this, scatter branches or spruce branches. If they are covered with a layer of snow of 20–25 cm, then this will be enough for the plant to winter in cold regions. Before preparing for winter, it is necessary to cut off all dry and diseased leaves from the bushes, as well as remove all plant litter from the garden.Strawberry Fireworks have great features. It is adapted to grow in harsh climates and give good harvests, so you should pay attention to it when choosing a variety for planting, especially when you consider that the culture is unpretentious in care.